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Prior art search on “biofeedback”

 

Search string used:

biofeedback and (person or human) and (sensor or detector) and (emotion or state) and brain

 

The search has returned 169 different patents:

 

Document ID    EP0533585B1
Title      Apparatus for regulating and improving the status of development and survival of living organisms
Abstract           A method and apparatus utilizing the action of simulated bio-frequency spectrum signals generated upon human beings, animals, plants, and micro-organisms to regulate and improve the status of growth and survival of said organisms. The simulated bio- frequency spectrum signals are generated through the excitation of one or a pluraltiy of chemical elements and their comppounds contained in the simulated bio-frequency spectrum signal generator by certain form of energy. Said simulated bio-frequency spectrum signals are broad band signals with wavelengths rangign from micrometers to centimeters. Said signals act upon certain sites of the organisms, elicit transition of the atoms, molecules, and electrons in the body of the organism and cause resonances, thereby the aim of regulating and improving the status of growth of the organism is achieved.
Document Type            EPB
Assignee          Zhou, Lin
Inventor            Zhou, Lin
Publication Date           1998-12-09
Application Date           1992-09-18
Intl Class          [7] A61N00506
US Class         
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Название{Право} аппарат для того, чтобы регулировать и улучшать статус развития и выживания живущих организмов
Резюме метод и аппарат, использующий действие моделируемых сигналов спектра био частоты, произведенных на людей, животных, заводы{растения}, и микроорганизмы, чтобы регулировать и улучшать статус роста и выживания сказанных организмов. Моделируемый био - сигналы спектра частоты произведены через возбуждение один или pluraltiy химических элементов и их comppounds, содержавшегося в моделируемом генераторе сигнала спектра био частоты некоторой формой энергии. Сказанные моделируемые сигналы спектра био частоты - широкие сигналы полосы{оркестра} с длинами волны rangign от микрометров до сантиметров. Сказанные сигналы действуют на некоторые участки{сайты} организмов, выявляют переход атомов, молекул, и электронов в теле{органе} организма и причиняют резонансы, таким образом цель регулирования и улучшения статуса роста организма достигнута.

 
Document ID    EP0660302B1
Title      Speech recognition using bio-signals
Abstract           The recognition rate of a speech recognition system is improved by compensating for changes in the user's speech that result from factors such as emotion, anxiety or fatigue. A speech signal derived from a user's utterance, and a bio-signal, which is indicative of the user's emotional state, are provided to a speech recognition system. The bio-signal is used to provide a reference frequency that changes when the user's emotional state changes. An utterance is identified by examining the relative magnitudes of its frequency components and the position of the frequency components relative to the reference frequency.
Document Type            EPB
Assignee          AT&T Corp.
Inventor            DeSimone, Joseph Hsieh, Jian-Tu
Publication Date           1999-11-10
Application Date           1994-12-05
Intl Class          [7] G10L00916 G10L00906G10L00300G10L00500
US Class         
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Название{Право} распознавание речи, используя био сигналы
Резюме норма{разряд} признания системы распознавания речи улучшена, давая компенсацию за изменения{замены} в речи пользователя, которые следуют из факторов типа эмоции, беспокойства или усталости. Сигнал речи происходил из произнесения пользователя, и био сигнала, который является показательным из эмоционального государства{состояния} пользователя, обеспечен к системе распознавания речи. Био сигнал используется, чтобы обеспечить частоту ссылки{рекомендации}, которая изменяется, когда эмоциональное государство{состояние} пользователя изменяется. Произнесение идентифицировано, исследуя относительные величины его компонентов частоты и положения{позиции} компонентов частоты относительно частоты ссылки{рекомендации}.

Document ID    EP0660303B1
Title      Speech recognition using biosignals
Abstract           The recognition rate of a speech recognition system is improved by compensating for changes in the user's speech that result from factors such as emotion, anxiety or fatigue. A speech signal derived from a user's utterance is modified by a preprocessor 32 and provided to a speech recognition system to improve the recognition rate. The speech signal is modified based on a bio-signal which is indicative of the user's emotional state.
Document Type            EPB
Assignee          AT&T Corp.
Inventor            DeSimone, Joseph
Publication Date           1999-11-10
Application Date           1994-12-05
Intl Class          [7] G10L00916 G10L00500G10L00300G10L00906
US Class         
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Название{Право} распознавание речи, используя biosignals
Резюме норма{разряд} признания системы распознавания речи улучшена, давая компенсацию за изменения{замены} в речи пользователя, которые следуют из факторов типа эмоции, беспокойства или усталости. Сигнал речи, полученный из произнесения пользователя изменен предпроцессором 32 и обеспечен к системе распознавания речи, чтобы улучшить норму{разряд} признания. Сигнал речи изменен основанным на био сигнале, который является показательным из эмоционального государства{состояния} пользователя.

Document ID    EP0660304B1
Title      Speech recognition training using bio-signals
Abstract           A bio-signal related to the impedance between two points 34, 36 on a speaker's skin 32 is monitored while a speech recognition system is trained to recognize a word or utterance. An utterance is identified for retraining when the bio-signal is above a upper threshold or below a lower threshold while the recognition system is being trained to recognize the utterance. The recognition system is retrained to recognize the utterance when the bio-signal is between the upper and lower thresholds.
Document Type            EPB
Assignee          AT&T Corp.
Inventor            DeSimone, Joseph
Publication Date           1999-11-10
Application Date           1994-12-05
Intl Class          [7] G10L00920
US Class         
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Название{Право} обучение распознавания речи, используя био сигналы
Резюме био сигнал, связанный с импедансом между двумя пунктами{точками} 34, 36 на коже спикера 32 проверен, в то время как система распознавания речи обучена признать слово или произнесение. Произнесение идентифицировано для переквалификации, когда био сигнал - выше верхнего порога или ниже более низкого порога, в то время как система признания обучается признать произнесение. Система признания повторно обучена признать произнесение, когда био сигнал - между верхними и более низкими порогами.

 
Document ID    EP0775464A1
Title      Apparatus and method to reactivate, normalize, optimize and increase visual functions using retinal reflection measurement
Abstract           An integrated system of stimuli and training also based on a new operating method called Extended Multifunctional Biofeedback (E.M.B.) enables the patient to improve all the physiological functions-particularly visual functions-dependent on the autonomic nervous system. The instrument can also be used as an anomaloscope, as an orthoptoscope, and to determine the critical frequency of central fusion. While not therapeutic, the method can be applied to the restoration of visual abilities impaired by past or ongoing ametropia or eye pathologies, as well as to the treatment of other autonomic nervous system functions. The use of the invention's apparatus has no contraindication.
Document Type            EPA
Assignee          Elderberry Corporation N.V.
Inventor            Bongiovanni, Paolo
Publication Date           1997-05-28
Application Date           1995-11-27
Intl Class          A61B00312 A61H00500
US Class         
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Название{Право} аппарат и метод оживлять, чтобы нормализовать, чтобы оптимизировать и увеличивать визуальные функции, используя относящееся к сетчатке глаза измерение отражения
Резюме объединенная система стимулов и обучающий также базировалось на новом операционном методе по имени Расширенная{Продленная} Многофункциональная Биологическая обратная связь (E.M.B). позволяет пациенту улучшить все физиологические функции особенно визуальный зависящий функциями от автономной нервной системы. Инструмент может также использоваться как anomaloscope, как orthoptoscope, и определять критическую частоту центрального сплава. В то время как не терапевтический, метод может быть применен к восстановлению визуальных способностей, которым вредит прошлая или продолжающаяся аметропия или патологии глаза, так же как к обработке{лечению} других автономных функций нервной системы. Использование аппарата изобретения не имеет никакого противопоказания.

 

Document ID    EP0914092B1
Title      MICROCHIP DRUG DELIVERY DEVICES
Abstract           Microchips are provided, which control both the rate and time of release of multiple chemical substances and which allow for the release of a wide variety of molecules in either a continuous or pulsatile manner. In all of the preferred embodiments, a material that is impermeable to the drugs or other molecules to be delivered and the surrounding fluids is used as the substrate. Reservoirs are etched into the substrate using either chemical (wet) etching or ion beam (dry) etching techniques well-known in the field of microfabrication. Hundreds to thousands of reservoirs can be fabricated on a single microchip using these techniques. A release system, which includes the molecules to be delivered, is inserted into the reservoirs by injection, inkjet printing or spin coating methods. Exemplary release systems include polymers and polymeric matrices, non-polymeric matrices, and other excipients or diluents. The physical properties of the release system control the rate of release of the molecules. The reservoirs can contain multiple drugs or other molecules in variable dosages. The filled reservoirs can be capped with materials that either degrade, dissolve, or allow the molecules to diffuse passively out of the reservoir over time or materials that, upon application of an electric potential, oxidize to form soluble compounds or ions that dissolve into the surrounding fluids. Release from an active device can be controlled by a preprogrammed microprocessor, remote control, or by biosensors.
Document Type            EPB
Assignee          MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Inventor            SANTINI, John, T., Jr. LANGER, Robert, S. CIMA, Michael, J. GOPFERICH, Achim, M.
Publication Date           2002-04-17
Application Date           1997-07-02
Intl Class          [7] A61K00900
US Class         
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Название{Право} УСТРОЙСТВА ПОСТАВКИ ПРЕПАРАТА{НАРКОТИКА} МИКРОЧИПА
Резюме микрочипы обеспечены, которые управляют и нормой{разрядом} и временем выпуска многократных химических веществ{сущностей} и которые учитывают выпуск широкого разнообразия молекул или в непрерывной или в пульсирующей манере. Во всех привилегированных{предпочтительных} воплощениях, материал, который является непроницаемым к наркотикам{лекарствам} или другим молекулам, которые будут поставлены и жидкости окружения, используется как основание{подложка}. Бассейны гравированы в основание{подложку}, используя или химическая (влажная) гравюра или луч иона (сухие) методы гравюры, известные в области{поле} микроизготовления. Сотни к тысячам бассейнов могут быть изготовлены на единственном{отдельном} микрочипе, используя эти методы. Система выпуска, которая включает молекулы, которые будут поставлены, вставлена в бассейны инъекцией, струйной печатью или методами покрытия вращения. Образцовые системы выпуска включают полимеры и полимерный matrices, неполимерный matrices, и другие наполнители или разжижители. Физические свойства системы выпуска управляют нормой{разрядом} выпуска молекул. Бассейны могут содержать многократные наркотики{лекарства} или другие молекулы в переменных дозировках. Заполненные бассейны могут быть увенчаны с материалами что или ухудшиться, расторгать{распускать}, или позволять молекулам распространяться пассивно из бассейна через какое-то время или материалов, которые, на заявление{применение} электрического потенциала, чтобы окислять, чтобы формировать разрешимые{растворимые} составы или ионы, который расторгают{распускают} в жидкости окружения. Выпуск от активного устройства может управляться предопределенным микропроцессором, дистанционным управлением, или биодатчиками.

 
Document ID    US4334545A
Title      Biofeedback system
Abstract           Mental activity of a human subject is indicated with electrodes placed on the head of the subject to respond to brain activity. The electrodes derive a signal including low and high frequency a.c. components respectively having frequency ranges in the same low frequency range as alpha waves derived by the brain and considerably higher than the highest frequency of the alpha waves. The high and low frequency amplitude components are supplied to an indicator arranged so the mental state activity is indicated only in response to the detected high frequency component having an amplitude less than a level indicative of the subject not being in a state of relaxation and the detected low frequency component having an amplitude greater than a first predetermined value and less than a second predetermined value. The low frequency amplitude between the first and second predetermined values is associated with the alpha waves.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Matsushita Electric Industrial Company, Limited
Inventor            Shiga, Kazumasa
Publication Date           1982-06-15
Application Date           1979-11-28
Intl Class          A61B00504
US Class          600545
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Название{Право} система биологической обратной связи
Резюме умственная деятельность человеческого предмета обозначено с электродами, помещенными в голову предмета, чтобы ответить на мозговую деятельность. Электроды получают сигнал, включая низко и высокую частоту a.c. компоненты, соответственно имеющие диапазоны частоты в том же самом низком диапазоне частоты как альфа-ритмы, полученные мозгом и значительно выше чем самая высокая частота альфа-ритмов. Высокие и низкие компоненты амплитуды частоты поставляются к устроенному индикатору, так что умственная государственная деятельность обозначена только в ответ на обнаруженный высокочастотный компонент, имеющий амплитуду меньше чем уровень, показательный из предмета, не являющегося в состоянии расслабления и обнаруженного низкого компонента частоты, имеющего амплитуду больше чем первая предопределенная ценность и меньше чем вторая предопределенная ценность. Низкая амплитуда частоты между первыми и вторыми предопределенными ценностями связана с альфа-ритмами.

 

 
Document ID    US4354505A
Title      Method of and apparatus for testing and indicating relaxation state of a human subject
Abstract           In a self-training biofeedback system, a physiological signal representing the state of relaxation of a person using the system is applied to a time counter to generate a binary count output representing the relaxation period. A visual indicator connected to the time counter provides the self trained person with a quick display of the measured time period so he can gauge the depth of his relaxation.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Matsushita Electric Industrial Company, Limited
Inventor            Shiga, Kazumasa
Publication Date           1982-10-19
Application Date           1980-09-03
Intl Class          A61B00504
US Class          600545 128905
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Название{Право} метод и аппарата для того, чтобы проверять и указывать государство{состояние} расслабления человеческого предмета
Резюме в системе биологической обратной связи самообучения, физиологический сигнал, представляющий государство{состояние} расслабления человека, использующего систему применено ко времени в противоречии с, производят двойную продукцию{выпуск} счета{графа}, представляющую период расслабления. Визуальный индикатор, связанный с прилавком времени обеспечивает сам обученный человек с быстрым показом взвешенного периода времени, так что он может измерить глубину его расслабления.

 
Document ID    US4396019A
Title      Vaginal myograph method and apparatus
Abstract           Apparatus and method for the measurement of and assistance in the treatment of the pubococcygeus muscle of the human using myographic biofeedback. A single probe with a plurality of separated noble metal smooth-faced sensing electrodes detects minute electrical pulses in the range of zero to twenty-five microvolts (RMS). The impulses are transmitted through connecting cables to electronic circuits which amplify the impulses and transform them into visual, auditory, or tactile signals which are presented to the patient, as a biofeedback signal, in real time. The apparatus and method is used to diagnose, train and exercise the pubococcygeus muscle under conscious control, and is useful in the treatment of several pathological conditions of the female pelvic organs, including sexual inadequacy, and in research concerning human sexual response.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Perry, Jr., John D.
Publication Date           1983-08-02
Application Date           1981-06-08
Intl Class          A61B00505
US Class          600546
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Название{Право} влагалищный myograph метод и аппарат
Резюме аппарат и метод для измерения и помощи в обработке{лечении} pubococcygeus мускула человека, использующего myographic биологическая обратная связь. Единственное{отдельное} исследование с множеством отделенных благородных металлических гладких электродов ощущения обнаруживает минуту электрический пульс в диапазоне ноля к двадцати пяти микровт (СРЕДНЕКВАДРАТИЧНОЕ ЗНАЧЕНИЕ). Импульсы переданы через соединение кабелей к электронным кругооборотам, которые усиливают импульсы и преобразовывают их в визуальные, слуховые, или осязательные сигналы, которые представлены пациенту, как сигнал биологической обратной связи, в режиме реального времени. Аппарат и метод используются, чтобы диагностировать, обучать и осуществлять pubococcygeus мускул при сознательном контроле{управлении}, и полезны в обработке{лечении} нескольких патологических условий{состояний} женских тазовых органов, включая сексуальное несоответствие, и в исследовании относительно человеческого сексуального ответа.

 
Document ID    US4454886A
Title      EEG With audio output
Abstract           A method is described for generating sounds (which are of a musical nature) that are related to the state of a person's brain, which is useful in anesthesiology and other applications. A brain wave signal, which may be derived from an electroencephalograph, is converted in real time from an analog to a digital signal, and stored in a memory. An epoch delineator detects points along the signal which can define segments of the signal. The signals in the memory are read out in segments, with the segment signals repeatedly read out N number of times and at a rate N times faster than the input rate to the memory, to generate a train of signals that are high frequency replicas of the segment. Thus, the multiple replicas of the segment are all read out during the same time period required to originally store the segment, and after each segment is read out the next segment to be stored is repeatedly read out. In one system, a segment ends when the filtered brainwave signal crosses a zero voltage level in a positive-going direction.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Lee, Arnold S. J.
Publication Date           1984-06-19
Application Date           1981-09-14
Intl Class          A61B00504
US Class          600545
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Название{Право} электроэнцефалограмма Со звуковой продукцией{выпуском}
Резюме метод описан для того, чтобы произвести звуки (которые имеют музыкальную натуру), которые связаны с государством{состоянием} мозга человека, который является полезным в анестезиологии и других заявлениях{применениях}. Мозговой сигнал волны, который может быть получен из electroencephalograph, преобразован{конвертирован} в режиме реального времени от аналога до цифрового сигнала, и запасен{сохранен} в памяти. Эпоха delineator обнаруживает пункты{точки} по сигналу, который может определить доли сигнала. Сигналы в памяти прочтены вслух в долях, с сигналами доли, неоднократно прочитываемыми вслух N количество раз и по норме{разряду} N времена быстрее чем входная норма{разряд} к памяти, производить поезд сигналов, которые являются высокочастотными точными копиями доли. Таким образом, многократные точные копии доли все прочтены вслух в течение того же самого периода времени, требуемого первоначально хранить долю, и после того, как каждая доля прочтена, вслух следующая доля, которая будет запасена{сохранена} неоднократно прочитывается вслух. В одной системе, доля заканчивается, когда фильтрованный сигнал озарения пересекает нулевой уровень напряжения в положительно идущем руководстве{направлении}.

 

Document ID    US4571682A
Title      System and method for skill enhancement and behavior modification
Abstract           Structural systems and method are employed including a multiplicity of computers to control the acquisition and enhancement of skilled performance or behavior. Preprocessing computers (8 and 24) each accept signals from any corresponding one of a variety of physiological or other signal transducers either in close proximity to the computer or transmitted to the computer via a telemetering system. The preprocessing computer calculates a number of different measures of this signal and makes the results known to one or more other computers. These other or auxiliary computers control presentation of a display of the data for a human observer, and perform additional calculations which determine if the processed data is within a predetermined range. This range may be a function of time and/or other variables. A measure of the error between the allowed range and the processed data is computed within these auxiliary computers. These results may be used to alter the display. They are also returned to the preprocessing computer where they may alter the preprocessing calculations. Alteration of the display and the preprocessing calculations are adapted to improve skilled performance and behavior without the intervention of a human operator other than the user.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Computerized Sports Equipment, Inc.
Inventor            Silverman, Gordon Brudny, Joseph
Publication Date           1986-02-18
Application Date           1983-08-22
Intl Class          G06F01542 G06F01516
US Class          600301 482009 128905 702019482903 482902 482901 482092
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Название{Право} система и метод для повышения навыка и модификации поведения
Резюме структурные системы и метод используется, включая разнообразие компьютеров, чтобы управлять приобретением и повышением квалифицированной работы{выполнения} или поведения. Компьютеры предварительной обработки (8 и 24) каждый принимают сигналы от любой передачи одно из разнообразия физиологических или других преобразователей сигнала или в близкой близости на компьютер или переданный на компьютер через telemetering систему. Компьютер предварительной обработки вычисляет множество различных мер этого сигнала и делает результаты известными одному или более другим компьютерам. Эти другие или вспомогательные компьютеры управляют представлением показа данных для человеческого наблюдателя{обозревателя}, и исполняют дополнительные вычисления, которые определяют, являются ли обработанные данные в пределах предопределенного диапазона. Этот диапазон может быть функцией времени и/или других переменных. Мера ошибки между позволенным диапазоном и обработанными данными вычислена в пределах этих вспомогательных компьютеров. Эти результаты могут использоваться, чтобы изменить показ. Они также возвращены на компьютер предварительной обработки, где они могут изменить вычисления предварительной обработки. Изменение показа и вычислений предварительной обработки приспособлено, чтобы улучшить квалифицированную работу{выполнение} и поведение без вмешательства другого человеческого оператора кроме пользователя.

 

 
Document ID    US4665926A
Title      Method and apparatus for measuring the relaxation state of a person
Abstract           In a system for respiratory feedback therapy, relaxation state can be qualitatively measured by forming a quotient between values related to the inhalation/exhalation duration and values related to the pause between inhalation/exhalation phases over intervals of 0.5 to 3 minutes or 5 to 20 respiration cycles.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Leuner, Hanscarl Klaumunzer, Hartwig
Publication Date           1987-05-19
Application Date           1985-11-18
Intl Class          A61B00502
US Class          600529 600026 600484
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Название{Право} метод и аппарат чтобы измерять государство{состояние} расслабления человека
Резюме в системе для дыхательной терапии обратной связи, государство{состояние} расслабления может быть качественно измерено, формируя фактор между ценностями, связанными с продолжительностью ингаляции/выдоха и ценностями, связанными с паузой между стадиями ингаляции/выдоха по интервалам 0.5 к 3 минутам или 5 - 20 циклам дыхания.

 

 
Document ID    US4689332A
Title      Growth regulation and related applications of opioid antagonists
Abstract           A method for regulating the growth processes in a myriad of cells, tissues, organ systems and unicellular and multicellular organisms including plants, animals and man by the administration of effective amounts of the opioid antagonists naloxone, naltrexone, their analogs metabolites derivatives, and/or mixtures thereof. At the cellular level, the growth processes entail all mitotic events and related processes including cell proliferation, as well as cell migration and cell differentiation, and at the somatic or organismal level, anatomical, behavioral and neurological development, metamorphisis and maturation. Growth regulation can be effected in vivo and/or in vitro.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Research Corporation
Inventor            McLaughlin, Patricia J. Zagon, Ian S.
Publication Date           1987-08-25
Application Date           1984-04-09
Intl Class          A61K03141
US Class          514282 514812
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Название{Право} рост установленные и связанные заявления{применения} антагонистов опиата{снотворного}
Резюме метод чтобы регулировать рост обрабатывает в несметном числе ячеек, тканей, систем органа и одноклеточных и многоклеточных{мультицеллулярных} организмов, включая заводы{растения}, животных и человека{мужчину} администрацией эффективных количеств антагонистов опиата{снотворного} naloxone, naltrexone, их производных метаболитов аналогов, и/или смесей этого. На клеточном уровне, процессы роста влекут за собой все митотические события и связанные процессы, включая быстрое увеличение ячейки, так же как перемещение ячейки и дифференцирование ячейки, и в телесном или уровень organismal, анатомическое, поведенческое и неврологическое развитие, metamorphisis и созревание. Регулирование роста может быть произведено в естественных условиях и/или в пробирке.

 
Document ID    US4800893A
Title      Kinesthetic physical movement feedback display for controlling the nervous system of a living organism
Abstract           A method and system for providing as a biofeedback signal a visual display showing kinesthetic physical movement to enable a subject to produce desired thought patterns. Sensors or electrodes are connected to the subject at one or more topological locations. The signals detected by the sensors are input to a conventional EEG device. The EEG output is processed into one or more analog voltage signals. These analog signals are input to a computer which generates a video display and audio if desired. The image on the display depicts kinesthetic physical movement as a function of the analog voltage.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Ross, Sidney A. Ross, Mark J.
Publication Date           1989-01-31
Application Date           1987-06-10
Intl Class          A61B00504
US Class          600545 128905
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Название{Право} кинестетическая физическая обратная связь движения показывает чтобы управлять нервной системой живущего организма
Резюме метод и система для того, чтобы обеспечивать как биологическая обратная связь сигнализирует визуальный показ, показывая кинестетическое физическое движение, чтобы позволить предмету произвести желательные образцы мысли. Датчики или электроды связаны с предметом в одном или более топологических местоположениях. Сигналы, обнаруженные датчиками являются входными на обычное устройство электроэнцефалограммы. Продукция{выпуск} электроэнцефалограммы обработана в один или более аналоговых сигналов напряжения. Эти аналоговые сигналы являются входными на компьютер, который производит видео показ и аудио если желательно. Изображение{образ} на показе изображает кинестетическое физическое движение как функция аналогового напряжения.

 

 
Document ID    US4819656A
Title      Biofeedback therapy system
Abstract           A biofeedback therapy system in which an individual during a training run in stress control is intermittently subjected to stress-inducing stimuli while one of his physiologic functions is being continuously monitored. The individual is able to observe the effect of the stimuli on a stress-graduated tripartite scale, making it possible for the individual to regulate the function being monitored. The scale takes the form of three series of light indicators, the first being graduated in gross steps, the second in increments of a gross step, and the third in fractions of one increment, whereby the readout accurately reflects the prevailing stress level. The tripartite scale is provided with adjustable markers which can be set on the scale to present the stress level at the time a training run is commenced so that subsequent changes in stress level are seen as deviations from the set point.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Spector, Donald
Publication Date           1989-04-11
Application Date           1985-04-30
Intl Class          A61B01000
US Class          600549 128905 D24186
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Название{Право} система терапии биологической обратной связи
Резюме система терапии биологической обратной связи, в которой индивидуум в течение обучения, управляемого в контроле{управлении} напряжения периодически подвергнут вызывающим напряжение стимулам, в то время как одна из его физиологических функций непрерывно контролируется. Индивидуум способен наблюдать{соблюдать} эффект стимулов в дипломированном напряжением трехстороннем масштабе, позволяющем индивидууму регулировать проверяемую функцию. Масштаб берет форму трех рядов легких индикаторов, первый дипломируемый в шагах брутто{грубых}, второй в приращениях шага брутто{грубого}, и трети во фракциях{долях} одного приращения, посредством чего считывание точно отражает преобладающий уровень напряжения. Трехсторонний масштаб обеспечен приспосабливаемыми маркерами, которые могут быть установлены в масштабе представить уровень напряжения во время, управляемое обучение начато так, чтобы последующие изменения{замены} в уровне напряжения были замечены как отклонения от пункта{точки} набора.

 

Document ID    US4823808A
Title      Method for control of obesity, overweight and eating disorders
Abstract           Methods for the treatment of obesity, overweight, compulsive overeating, emotional overeating, binge eating, bulimia and anorexia comprises the steps of monitoring physiological parameters in the esophageal and/or gastrointestinal tract which are associated with gastric relaxation, gastric filling, gastric contractions, gastric secretions, and gastric emptying. The measurement are transmitted either directly to a receiver or via radiotelemetry to a receiver. The receiver has a data processor associated therewith, and the data processor produces audio and/or visual feedback for the person under treatment to hear and/or see. This feedback is used for purposes of teaching behavior modification and other psychotherapeutic purposes. In the most simple form of the invention, a warning sound is generated by the data processor indicating when sufficient food has been ingested. This warning can be generated by the monitoring apparatus much sooner than the biological signal of fullness transmitted by the stomach to the brain of the person. The person can thereby discontinue eating before otherwise becoming unconsciously too full.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Clegg, Charles T. Wallace, Garn A.
Publication Date           1989-04-25
Application Date           1987-07-06
Intl Class          A61B00700
US Class          600586 600593128905 128903 600561
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Название{Право} метод для контроля{управления} тучности, избыточного веса и пищевых беспорядков
Резюме методы для обработки{лечения} тучности, избыточного веса, обжорства маньяка, эмоционального обжорства, еды разгула, булимии и анорексии включают шаги контроля физиологических параметров в относящемся к пищеводу и/или желудочнокишечном трактате, которые связаны с желудочным расслаблением, желудочным заполнением, желудочными сокращениями, желудочными укрывательствами, и желудочным освобождением. Измерение передано или непосредственно на приемник или через radiotelemetry на приемник. Приемнику связали, процессор данных к тому же, и процессор данных производит звуковую и/или визуальную обратную связь для человека при обработке{лечении}, чтобы слышать и/или видеть. Эта обратная связь используется для целей преподать модификацию поведения и другие психотерапевтические цели. В самой простой форме изобретения, звук предупреждения произведен по условию процессор, указывающий, когда достаточное продовольствие глоталось. Это предупреждение может быть произведено контролирующим аппаратом намного скорее чем биологический сигнал обилия, переданного животом к мозгу человека. Человек может таким образом прекратить еду перед иначе становлением подсознательно слишком полным.

 
Document ID    US4883067A
Title      Method and apparatus for translating the EEG into music to induce and control various psychological and physiological states and to control a musical instrument
Abstract           A method and apparatus for applying a musical feedback signal to the human brain, or any other brain, to induce controllable psychological and physiological responses. A signal representing the ongoing electroencephalographic (EEG) signal of a brain preferably is obtained from the electrode location on the scalp known as CZ or P3 in clinical notation. A signal processor converts the ongoing EEG into electrical signals which are converted into music by synthesizers. The music is acoustically fed back to the brain after a time delay calculated to shift the phase of the feedback in order to reinforce specific or desired ongoing EEG activity from the scalp position of interest. The music is comprised of at least one voice that follows the moment-by-moment contour of the EEG in real time to reinforce the desired EEG activity. The music drives the brain into resonance with the music to provide a closed loop or physiological feedback effect. Preferably, the musical feedback comprises additional voices that embody psychoacoustic principles as well as provide the content and direction normally supplied by the therapist in conventional biofeedback. The invention contemplates numerous applications for the results obtained.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Neurosonics, Inc.
Inventor            Knispel, Joel Wright, Geoffrey
Publication Date           1989-11-28
Application Date           1987-05-15
Intl Class          A61B00504
US Class          600545 984301 984DIG1600028
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Название{Право} метод и аппарат для того, чтобы переводить электроэнцефалограмму на музыку, чтобы вызвать и управлять различными психологическими и физиологическими государствами и управлять музыкальным инструментом
Резюме метод и аппарат для того, чтобы применять музыкальный сигнал обратной связи к человеческому мозгу, или любому другому мозгу, чтобы вызвать управляемые психологические и физиологические ответы. Сигнал, представляющий продолжающийся electroencephalographic (электроэнцефалограмма) сигнал мозга предпочтительно получен от местоположения электрода на скальпе, известном как зона Панамского канала или P3 в клиническом примечании. Процессор сигнала конвертирует{преобразовывает} продолжающуюся электроэнцефалограмму в электрические сигналы, которые преобразованы{конвертированы} в музыку синтезаторами. Музыка акустически питается назад к мозгу, через некоторое время задерживаются расчетный, чтобы переместить{изменить} стадию обратной связи, чтобы укрепить определенный или желал продолжающейся деятельности электроэнцефалограммы от положения{позиции} скальпа интереса{процента}. Музыка состоит по крайней мере из одного голоса, который следует мгновение за мгновением контур электроэнцефалограммы в режиме реального времени, чтобы укрепить желательную деятельность электроэнцефалограммы. Музыка заставляет мозг в резонанс с музыкой обеспечивать закрытую петлю или физиологический эффект обратной связи. Предпочтительно, музыкальная обратная связь включает дополнительные голоса, которые воплощают psychoacoustic принципы так же как обеспечивают содержание и руководство{направление}, обычно снабжаемое врачом в обычной биологической обратной связи. Изобретение рассматривает многочисленные заявления{применения} для полученных результатов.

 
Document ID    US4928704A
Title      EEG biofeedback method and system for training voluntary control of human EEG activity
Abstract           A biofeedback method and system for use to train a person to develop useful degrees of voluntary control of personal electroencephalogram (EEG) activity. A plurality of EEG potentials from a plurality of locations on the head are individually amplified and filtered in accordance with strict criteria intended for processing in accordance within time constraints limited by natural neurological reactivity. Each resultant signal is processed to provide objective data on brain energies as a function of frequency. Data are presented in real time to the trainee in the form of preselected auditory tones and/or vibro-tactile stimuli indicating with high fidelity the details of EEG activity at a multiplicity of cortical sites. Features of auditory feedback promote learning as well as identification and elimination of spurious artifact states. At periodic intervals, the auditory feedback is supplemented by sensory presentation of digital scores summarizing performances in a metric proportional to brain energy output in the feedback parameters. The scores may be presented as illuminated numerical displays, aurally or both. The system is preferably in an environment designed to control the arousal level of the trainee and the degree of distractibility so as to maximize the learning of voluntary self-control.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          MindCenter Corporation
Inventor            Hardt, James V.
Publication Date           1990-05-29
Application Date           1989-01-31
Intl Class          A61B00504
US Class          600545
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Название{Право} метод биологической обратной связи электроэнцефалограммы и система для того, чтобы обучать добровольный контроль{управление} человеческой деятельности электроэнцефалограммы
Резюме метод биологической обратной связи и система для использования, чтобы обучить человека, чтобы развить полезные степени{градусы} добровольного контроля{управления} личной электроэнцефалограммы (электроэнцефалограмма) деятельность. Множество потенциалов электроэнцефалограммы от множества местоположений на голове индивидуально усилено и фильтровано в соответствии с строгими критериями, предназначенными для того, чтобы обработать в соответствии в пределах ограничений времени, ограниченных естественной неврологической реактивностью. Каждый проистекающий сигнал обработан, чтобы обеспечить объективные данные относительно мозговых энергий как функция частоты. Данные представлены в режиме реального времени стажеру в форме предотобранных слуховых тонов и/или vibro-осязательных стимулов, указывающих с высокой преданностью детали деятельности электроэнцефалограммы в разнообразии корковых участков{сайтов}. Особенности слуховой обратной связи продвигают изучение так же как идентификацию и устранение поддельных государств экспоната. В периодических интервалах, слуховая обратная связь добавлена сенсорным представлением цифрового множества, суммирующего действия в метрическом пропорциональном мозговой продукции{выпуску} энергии в параметрах обратной связи. Множество может быть представлено как освещенные числовые показы, устно или оба. Система находится предпочтительно в окружающей среде, разработанной{предназначенной}, чтобы управлять уровнем пробуждения стажера и степени{градуса} distractibility, чтобы максимизировать изучение добровольного самообладания.

 
Document ID    US4949726A
Title      Brainwave-responsive apparatus
Abstract           Apparatus is disclosed for use with one or more subjects simultaneously, for causing an output device to perform productive functions, such as various types of movement of an object, in response to the subject's movement between various brainwave states and combinations of brainwave states. When more than one subject is involved, the apparatus can generate an output signal indicating when all the subjects are producing a predetermined brainwave pattern simultaneously, when they are producing a predetermined brainwave pattern synchronously; when they producing a predetermined brainwave pattern coherently; or when, during a preceding predetermined interval of time, each of the subjects individually produced a predetermined brainwave pattern for more than a predetermined percentage of the interval of time.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Discovery Engineering International
Inventor            Hartzell, Rex Walters, E. Dale Gresser, Julian
Publication Date           1990-08-21
Application Date           1988-03-29
Intl Class          A61B00504
US Class          600544 273460
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Название{Право} отзывчивый озарением аппарат
Резюме аппарат раскрыто для использования с одним или более предметами одновременно, чтобы заставить устройство продукции{выпуска} исполнять производительные функции, типа различных типов движения объекта{цели}, в ответ на движение предмета между различными государствами озарения и комбинациями государств озарения. Когда больше чем один предмет вовлечен, аппарат может произвести сигнал продукции{выпуска}, указывающий, когда все предметы производят предопределенный образец озарения одновременно, когда они производят предопределенный образец озарения синхронно; когда они производящий предопределенное озарение копируют когерентно; или когда, в течение предыдущего предопределенного интервала времени, каждый из предметов индивидуально произвел предопределенный образец озарения для больше чем предопределенный процент от интервала времени.

 

 
Document ID    US5007430A
Title      Rhythmic biofeedback technique
Abstract           A rhythmic biofeedback technique for inducing relaxation to counteract the adverse physiological and psychological effects of chronic stress on an individual. In this technique, the heart beat of the individual being treated is continuously monitored and the prevailing rate is displayed to him as he undergoes a rhythmic conditioning session constituted by successive exercise-relaxation cycles extending for a predetermined period. In the course of each cycle, the individual is required to raise his level of exertion, as indicated by his perceived heart beat rate, to a peak representing an established safe upper limit, following which he is required to decrease his exertion until he reaches a lower limit at which a recovery relaxation response takes place. The upper and lower limits are determined by the individual's existing capacity for exercise and define his target heart rate zone.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Dardik, Irving I.
Publication Date           1991-04-16
Application Date           1986-11-05
Intl Class          A61B00504
US Class          600509 600520128905
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Название{Право} ритмичная техника биологической обратной связи
Резюме ритмичная техника биологической обратной связи для того, чтобы вызывать расслабление, чтобы противодействовать неблагоприятным физиологическим и психологическим эффектам хронического напряжения на индивидууме. В этой технике, сердце, которое бьют индивидуума, которого рассматривают непрерывно проверено, и преобладающая норма{разряд} показана к нему, поскольку он подвергается ритмичной сессии создания условий, составленной последовательными циклами расслабления осуществления, простирающимися в течение предопределенного периода. В ходе каждого цикла, индивидуум обязан поднимать его уровень применения, как обозначено его воспринятым сердцем бьют норму{разряд}, к пику, представляющему установленный безопасный верхний предел, после которого он обязан уменьшать его применение, пока он не достигает более низкого предела, в котором ответ расслабления восстановления имеет место. Верхние и более низкие пределы определены существующей способностью{вместимостью} индивидуума для осуществления{упражнения} и определяют его целевую сердечную зону нормы{разряда}.

 

Document ID    US5209494A
Title      Biofeedback game
Abstract           A biofeedback game in which a target player sits on a "hot seat" where he is assailed by provocative questions or statements put to him by an inquisitor player, calculated to induce stress by embarrassing or otherwise upsetting the target player and thereby causing him "to lose his cool." The target player is coupled by means of a temperature sensor attached to one of his fingertips to a biofeedback unit whose indicator at the start of play is set to a base level representing the target player's initial state of stress. Should the target player who views the indicator while his fingertip temperature is being monitored and is therefore within the feedback loop, fail to control his reaction to a provocative question or statement, the resultant indication will deviate from the base level to a degree reflecting his loss of cool. The provocative question put to the target player must fall within a subject matter category, such as Sex, Education, or Hygiene, appearing on a category card drawn by the inquisitor player from a deck of such cards. The outcome of the game depends on the skill of the inquisitor player to frame provocative questions that lie within the selected category, as offset by the ability of the target player, by way of biofeedback regulation, to maintain his cool under pressure.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Spector, Donald
Publication Date           1993-05-11
Application Date           1992-02-24
Intl Class          A63F00924
US Class          273460 273431
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Название{Право} игра биологической обратной связи
Резюме игра биологической обратной связи, в которой целевой игрок сидит на "горячем месте", где на него нападают провокационные вопросы или утверждения{заявления}, помещенные в него игроком исследователя, вычислило, чтобы побудить напряжение смущающим или иначе опрокидывающим целевого игрока и таким образом порождение его "терять его прохладный. " Целевой игрок соединен посредством температурного датчика, приложенного к одному из его кончиков пальца к единице биологической обратной связи, индикатор которой в начале игры{пьесы} установлен на основной уровень, представляющий начальное государство{состояние} целевого игрока напряжения. Если целевой игрок, который рассматривает индикатор, в то время как его температура кончика пальца контролируется и - поэтому в пределах петли обратной связи, быть не в состоянии управлять его реакцией на провокационный вопрос или утверждение{заявление}, проистекающий признак отклонится от основного уровня, в известной степени отражающего его потерю прохладных. Провокационный вопрос, помещенный в целевого игрока должен падать в пределах категории предмета, типа Пола{Секса}, Образования, или Гигиены, появляющейся на карте категории, оттянутой игроком исследователя от палубы таких карт. Результат игры зависит от навыка игрока исследователя, чтобы создать провокационные вопросы, которые лежат в пределах отобранной категории, как возмещено способностью целевого игрока, посредством регулирования биологической обратной связи, поддерживать{обслуживать} его прохладный под давлением.

 

 
Document ID    US5213338A
Title      Brain wave-directed amusement device
Abstract           A game having circuitry for the conversion of a player's brain wave intensity to direct the movement of a rotating circular visual display. The game in one embodiment can be played by two players competing with one another and the visual display can include a variety of changing patterns.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Brotz, Gregory R.
Publication Date           1993-05-25
Application Date           1991-09-30
Intl Class          A63F00900 A61B00504
US Class          273460 273454 273453 600544434237
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Название{Право} мозг направленное волной устройство развлечения
Резюме игра, имеющая схему для преобразования мозговой интенсивности волны игрока, чтобы направить движение вращающегося круглого визуального показа. Игра в одном воплощении может играться двумя игроками, конкурирующими друг с другом, и визуальный показ может включить разнообразие изменения{замены} образцов.

 

 
Document ID    US5241967A
Title      System for evoking electroencephalogram signals
Abstract           A physiological change in the body of a user such as a brain wave or EEG signal is detected by electrodes attached to the scalp of the user. A frequency signal corresponding to a brain wave to be evoked is extracted by a bandpass filter from a signal which indicates the detected physiological change. The frequency signal is then applied to a stimulus generator which converts the frequency signal to a stimulative signal such as a photic stimulus and feeds the stimulative signal back to the user's body. The brain wave to be evoked is strongly synchronized by the stimulative signal applied to the user to place the user quickly into a desired brain wave state. The stimulative signal well matches the user's body since it originates from the signal representing the physiological change in the body of the user.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Pioneer Electronic Corporation
Inventor            Yasushi, Mitsuo Saito, Yoshio
Publication Date           1993-09-07
Application Date           1991-06-10
Intl Class          A61B00504
US Class          600545 600027
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Название{Право} система для того, чтобы вызывать сигналы электроэнцефалограммы
Резюме физиологическое изменение{замена} в теле{органе} пользователя типа мозговой волны или сигнала электроэнцефалограммы обнаружено электродами, приложенными к скальпу пользователя. Сигнал частоты, соответствующий мозговой волне, которая будет вызвана извлечен bandpass фильтром из сигнала, который указывает обнаруженное физиологическое изменение{замену}. Сигнал частоты тогда применен на генератор стимула, который конвертирует{преобразовывает} сигнал частоты к возбуждающему сигналу типа светового стимула и кормит возбуждающий сигнал назад к телу{органу} пользователя. Мозговая волна, которая будет вызвана настоятельно синхронизирована возбуждающим сигналом, прикладным пользователю, чтобы разместить пользователя быстро в желательное мозговое государство{состояние} волны. Возбуждающий сигнал хорошо соответствует телу{органу} пользователя, так как это происходит из сигнала, представляющего физиологическое изменение{замену} в теле{органе} пользователя.

 
Document ID    US5263487A
Title      Biological signal processing system
Abstract           A biological signal processing system for extracting differential signals for alternating signals detected by at least two sensors, and analyzing and processing a plurality of frequency components contained in the differential signals within a predetermined time span, in which a low-pass filter to which the alternating signals are inputted, and a high-pass filter to which the output of the low-pass filter is supplied are provided to extract signals being analyzed having frequencies higher than the cut-off frequency of the low-pass filter and lower than the cut-off frequency of the high-pass filter; the signals being analyzed are sampled; and data signals on the signals being analyzed for every predetermined time span are supplied to a personal computer; the personal computer extracting from the data signals signal components for each of a plurality of frequency components by means of a plurality of digital filters, and visually displaying the signal components for each of the extracted frequency components.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Kawasaki, Hirotoki
Inventor            Sakamoto, George Kawasaki, Hirotoki
Publication Date           1993-11-23
Application Date           1991-11-19
Intl Class          A61B00504
US Class          600544 600545
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Название{Право} биологическая система обработки сигнала
Резюме биологическая система обработки сигнала для того, чтобы извлекать отличительные сигналы для того, чтобы чередовать сигналы, обнаруженные по крайней мере двумя датчиками, и анализировать и обрабатывать множество компонентов частоты содержала в отличительных сигналах в пределах предопределенного промежутка времени, в котором фильтр низкого прохода, к которому чередующиеся сигналы введены, и фильтр высокого прохода к тому, который продукция{выпуск} фильтра низкого прохода снабжена, обеспечен, чтобы извлечь проанализируемые сигналы, имея частоты выше чем частота сокращения фильтра низкого прохода и ниже чем частота сокращения фильтра высокого прохода; проанализируемые сигналы выбраны; и сигналы данных на сигналах, проанализируемых для каждого предопределенного промежутка времени поставляются на персональный компьютер; извлечение персонального компьютера из компонентов сигнала сигналов данных для каждого множества компонентов частоты посредством множества цифровых фильтров, и визуально показ{представление} компонентов сигнала для каждого из извлеченных компонентов частоты.

 
Document ID    US5280793A
Title      Method and system for treatment of depression with biofeedback using left-right brain wave asymmetry
Abstract           A method and system for treating a patient having a pathological condition characterized by asymmetry between brain waves measured from two locations of the scalp. The method comprises the steps of attaching a first electrode to a first scalp location of the patient and a second electrode to a second scalp location of the patient. Then, brain waves of the patient are recorded from the electrodes. These brain waves are used for the purpose of biofeedback. Specifically, the brain wave asymmetry is presented to the patient and the patient is rewarded for changing the asymmetry.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Rosenfeld, J. Peter
Publication Date           1994-01-25
Application Date           1992-05-13
Intl Class          A61B0050482 A61B0050476
US Class          600545
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Название{Право} метод и система для обработки{лечения} депрессии с биологической обратной связью, используя мозговую асимметрию волны с левым правильную
Резюме метод и система чтобы рассматривать пациента, характеризующего патологическое условие{состояние} асимметрией между мозговыми волнами, взвешенными от двух местоположений скальпа. Метод включает шаги приложения первого электрода к первому местоположению скальпа пациента и второго электрода к второму местоположению скальпа пациента. Тогда, мозговые волны пациента зарегистрированы от электродов. Эти мозговые волны используются ради биологической обратной связи. Определенно, мозговая асимметрия волны представлена пациенту, и пациент вознагражден чтобы изменить асимметрию.

Document ID    US5304112A
Title      Stress reduction system and method
Abstract           An integrated stress reduction system detects the stress level of a subject and displays a light pattern reflecting the relationship between the subject's stress level and a target level. At the same time, the system provides relaxing visual, sound, tactile, environmental, and other effects to aid the subject in reducing his or her stress level to the target level. In one preferred embodiment, the intensity, type, and duration of the relaxing effects are controlled by a computer program in response to the measured stress level. The light pattern stress level display uses a laser which is deflected on one axis by a measured stress level signal and on a second axis perpendicular to the first by a target signal representing the target stress level. The pattern produced is more complex when the two signals do not coincide, and becomes a less complex geometric figure as the subject's stress level approaches the target.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Mrklas, Theresia A.
Inventor            Mrklas, Theresia A. Daniel, Maurice B. Daniel, William B.
Publication Date           1994-04-19
Application Date           1991-10-16
Intl Class          A61M02100
US Class          600027 601015434236
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Название{Право} система сокращения напряжения и метод
Резюме объединенная система сокращения напряжения обнаруживает уровень напряжения предмета и показывает легкий образец, отражающий отношения между уровнем напряжения предмета и целевым уровнем. В то же самое время, система обеспечивает расслабление, визуальное, звуковое{нормальное}, осязательная, экологическая, и другие эффекты, чтобы помочь предмету в сокращении его или ее уровне напряжения к целевому уровню. В одном привилегированном{предпочтительном} воплощении, интенсивности, тип, и продолжительность расслабляющихся эффектов управляются в соответствии с компьютерной программой в ответ на взвешенный уровень напряжения. Легкий показ уровня напряжения образца использует лазер, который отклонен на одной оси взвешенным сигналом уровня напряжения и на втором перпендикуляре оси к первому целевым сигналом, представляющим целевой уровень напряжения. Произведенный образец более сложен, когда эти два сигнала не совпадают, и становятся менее сложной геометрической фигурой{числом}, поскольку уровень напряжения предмета приближается к цели.

 

 
Document ID    US5363858A
Title      Method and apparatus for multifaceted electroencephalographic response analysis (MERA)
Abstract           A method and apparatus for multifaceted electroencephalographic response analysis (MERA) is described. MERA involves presenting stimuli to a subject through at least one of the visual and auditory modalities, recording electrophysiological brain responses indicative of information processing in response to said stimuli, and analyzing multiple features of said brain responses. This technique is used both to detect concealed information in the brain and to communicate directly from a brain to a computer, and thus to command computers and also to command mechanical devices. The memory and encoding related multifaceted electroencephalographic response (MERMER), a particular brain response elicited by, and unfolding within two seconds of the onset of, noteworthy stimuli, involving an electrically positive aspect generally maximal parietally followed by an electrically negative aspect with substantial frontal amplitude, and also involving characteristic changes in the frequency domain, is detected, analyzed, and applied for the above stated purposes. The MERMER is elicited by stimuli that refer to concealed information noteworthy to an individual and also by stimuli that are noteworthy due to a subject's desire to communicate the information to which they refer. Responses are compared with at least one of a) responses to other stimuli known to be irrelevant, and b) responses to other stimuli known to be noteworthy, in order to determine the presence or absence of the MERMER in response to the stimuli in question. In this manner, concealed information is detected, and information of significance is communicated.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Conte, Francis Luca
Inventor            Farwell, Lawrence A.
Publication Date           1994-11-15
Application Date           1993-05-05
Intl Class          A61B00504
US Class          600544 607139600383
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Название{Право} метод и аппарат для multifaceted electroencephalographic анализ ответа (MERA)
Резюме метод и аппарат для multifaceted electroencephalographic анализ ответа (MERA) описано. MERA вовлекает стимулы представления для предмета через по крайней мере один из визуальных и слуховых методов, регистрация электрофизиологических мозговых ответов, показательных из обработки информации в ответ на сказанные стимулы, и анализ многократных особенностей сказанных мозговых ответов. Эта техника используется и чтобы обнаружить скрытую информацию в мозгу и связываться непосредственно с мозга на компьютер, и таким образом командовать компьютерами и также командовать механическими устройствами. Память и зашифровывание связанного multifaceted electroencephalographic ответ (MERMER), специфический мозговой ответ, выявляемый, и разворачивание в пределах двух секунд начала, примечательных стимулов, вовлечение электрически положительного аспекта, вообще максимального париетально{теменное} сопровождаемый электрически отрицательным аспектом с существенной лобной амплитудой, и также вовлечение характерных изменений{замен} в области частоты, обнаружены, проанализированы, и просятся вышеупомянутые заявленные цели. MERMER выявляется стимулами, которые обращаются{относятся} к скрытой информации, примечательной индивидууму и также стимулами, которые являются примечательными из-за желания предмета сообщить информацию, к которой они обращаются{относятся}. Ответы - по сравнению с по крайней мере одним из a) ответов на другие стимулы, известные, чтобы быть несоответствующими, и b) ответами на другие стимулы, известные, чтобы быть примечательным, чтобы определить присутствие или отсутствие MERMER в ответ на рассматриваемые стимулы. В этой манере, скрытая информация обнаружена, и информация значения сообщена.

 
Document ID    US5377100A
Title      Method of encouraging attention by correlating video game difficulty with attention level
Abstract           A method of encouraging attention in persons such as those suffering from Attention Deficit Disorder is provided by correlating the level of difficulty of a video game with the level of attention in a subject. A video game comprises a video display which depicts objects for interaction with a player and a difficulty adjuster which increases the difficulty level, e.g., action speed and/or evasiveness of the depicted object, in a predetermined manner. The electrical activity of the brain is measured at selected sites to determine levels of awareness, e.g., activity in the beta, theta, and alpha states. A value is generated based on this measured electrical signal which is indicative of the level of awareness. The difficulty level of the game is increased as the awareness level value decreases and is decreased as this awareness level value increases.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Inventor            Pope, Alan T. Bogart, Edward H.
Publication Date           1994-12-27
Application Date           1993-03-08
Intl Class          G06F01544
US Class          600545 341020 463023
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Название{Право} метод поощрять внимание correlating видео трудностью игры с уровнем внимания
Резюме метод поощрять внимание в людях типа тех, которые страдают от Беспорядка Дефицита Внимания обеспечено correlating уровень трудности видео игры с уровнем внимания по предмету. Видео игра включает видео показ, который изображает объекты{цели} для взаимодействия с игроком и монтажником трудности, который увеличивает уровень трудности, например, скорость действия и/или уклончивость изображенного объекта{цели}, в предопределенной манере. Электрическая деятельность мозга измерена на отобранных участках{сайтах}, чтобы определить уровни понимания, например, деятельность в beta, тете, и алфавитных государствах. Ценность произведена основанной на этом взвешенном электрическом сигнале, который является показательным из уровня понимания. Уровень трудности игры увеличен как уменьшения ценности уровня понимания и уменьшен как эти увеличения ценности уровня понимания.

 
Document ID    US5441528A
Title      Method and system for applying low energy emission therapy
Abstract           A low energy emission therapy system is provided which includes an emitter of low energy electromagnetic emissions and a probe for applying the emissions to a patient under treatment. The emitter emits a high frequency electromagnetic emission in the form of a carrier signal modulated by a plurality of modulation signals. The invention also includes an impedance transformer located intermediate the emitter and the probe in order to match the impedance of the patient with that of the output of the emitter. Particular modulation signal frequencies and application times and sequences are provided for the treatment of insomnia, and for the treatment of general anxiety disorder which may include panic attacks.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Symtonic, S.A.
Inventor            Chang, Rea-Woun Pasche, BorisKunz, Henry Lebet, Jean-Pierre Kuster, Niels Barbault, Alexandre
Publication Date           1995-08-15
Application Date           1992-09-25
Intl Class          A61N00100
US Class          607069 607059 607134600026 607045
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Название{Право} метод и система для того, чтобы применять низкую терапию эмиссии энергии
Резюме низкая система терапии эмиссии энергии обеспечена, который включает эмитента низкой энергии электромагнитная эмиссия и исследование для того, чтобы применить эмиссию к пациенту при обработке{лечении}. Эмитент испускает высокочастотную электромагнитную эмиссию в форме сигнала курьера{транспорта}, модулируемого множеством сигналов модуляции. Изобретение также включает трансформатор импеданса расположенное промежуточное звено эмитент и исследование, чтобы соответствовать импедансу пациента с этим продукции{выпуска} эмитента. Специфические частоты сигнала модуляции и прикладные времена и последовательности обеспечены для обработки{лечения} бессоницы, и для обработки{лечения} общего беспорядка беспокойства, который может включить панические нападения.

 
Document ID    US5443076A
Title      Means for enhancing the productivity of video telecommunication systems
Abstract           The method and means for enhancing productivity of video telecommunication systems interrelating conferees at physically separated stations that involves the preconditioning of all conferees utilizing a head band providing left and right temporal leads to a versatile EEG-computer linkage, and speakers linked to a synthetic sound generator, exposing individual conferees to a variable light and sound environment where the colors violet to red are associated with sounds ranging in frequency from low to high by exposing the conferee to the sequential flashing of lights in the order violet, blue, green, yellow, orange, red, with the associated sounds, and then in the reverse order to thereby stimulate alpha rhythm functioning respectively in the right and left brain hemispheres, repeating such sequential flashing of lights until essentially uniform and synchronized alpha rhythm functioning is achieved in both brain hemispheres, thereby establishing in the EEG-computer linkage a record of the light and sound conditions which should sustain for the individual the synchronized alpha rhythm brain functioning, and during a conference having each conferee wear a left temporal probe with lead to the EEG-computer linkage and a speaker with lead to the synthetic sound generator, whereby the EEG-computer linkage will provide for the conferee the predetermined and adjusted colored light illumination and sound frequency exposure, the averaged alpha rhythm pattern for conferees at each station being comparatively projected on television screens at both stations, and general conformance in the patterns thus projected indicating that a conference is progressing favorably.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Bau, Marcel
Publication Date           1995-08-22
Application Date           1992-05-22
Intl Class          A61B0050484
US Class          600544
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Название{Право} средства чтобы увеличивать производительность видео систем телесвязи
Резюме метод и средства для того, чтобы увеличивать производительность видео систем телесвязи, взаимосвязывающих conferees на физически отделенных станциях, который вовлекает предсоздание условий всего conferees использование главной полосы{оркестра}, обеспечивающей левое и правое временное лидерство к универсальному{разностороннему} КОМПЬЮТЕРНОМУ ЭЛЕКТРОЭНЦЕФАЛОГРАММОЙ редактированию, и спикерам, связанным с синтетическим звуковым{нормальным} генератором, выставляя{подвергая} индивидуальный conferees к переменной легкой и звуковой{нормальной} окружающей среде, где цвета, фиолетовые к красному связаны со звуками, располагающимися в частоте от низко до высоко, выставляя{подвергая} conferee к последовательному высвечиванию огней в заказе{порядке}, фиолетовом, синем, зеленые, желтые, оранжевые, красные, со связанными звуками, и затем в обратном заказе{порядке} таким образом стимулировать альфа-ритм, функционирующий соответственно в правых и левых мозговых полушариях, повторяя такое последовательное высвечивание огней до чрезвычайно однородного и синхронизированного функционирования альфа-ритма, достигнуто в обоих мозговых полушариях, таким образом устанавливая в КОМПЬЮТЕРНОМ ЭЛЕКТРОЭНЦЕФАЛОГРАММОЙ редактировании отчет{рекорд} легких и звуковых{нормальных} условий{состояний}, которые должны выдержать для индивидуума синхронизированное функционирование мозга альфа-ритма, и в течение конференции, имеющей каждый conferee, носит левое временное исследование с лидерством к КОМПЬЮТЕРНОМУ ЭЛЕКТРОЭНЦЕФАЛОГРАММОЙ редактированию и спикеру с лидерством на синтетический звуковой{нормальный} генератор, посредством чего КОМПЬЮТЕРНОЕ ЭЛЕКТРОЭНЦЕФАЛОГРАММОЙ редактирование обеспечит{предусмотрит} conferee предопределенное и регулируемое{отрегулированное;приспособленное} цветное легкое освещение и будет казаться подверганием частоты, усредненный образец альфа-ритма для conferees на каждой станции, сравнительно проектируемой на телевизионных экранах на обеих станциях, и общем соответствии в образцах таким образом проектируемое указание, что конференция прогрессирует благоприятно.

 

Document ID    US5458142A
Title      Device for monitoring a magnetic field emanating from an organism
Abstract           A diagnostic and therapeutic instrument for use in the treatment of living organisms is provided including a sensor for detecting magnetic fields emanating from the living organism. The sensor is located proximate to the organism and is formed from a ferromagnetic core surrounded by a multi-turn fine wire coil. The sensor is coupled to signal processing which amplifies a signal from the sensor and filters out portions of the signal which represent background magnetic fields emanating from other sources. The signal from the sensor is utilizable to detect abnormalities in the field emanating from the organism indicative of the organism's well-being. The signal can also be utilized to excite a magnetic field radiator which outputs a field complementary to the field emanating from the organism.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Farmer, Edward J. Hovey, Diane J.
Publication Date           1995-10-17
Application Date           1993-03-19
Intl Class          A61B00500
US Class          600409 128905 324260
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Название{Право} устройство для того, чтобы контролировать магнитную область{поле}, происходящую от организма
Резюме диагностический и терапевтический инструмент для использования в обработке{лечении} живущих организмов обеспечено, включая датчик для того, чтобы обнаружить магнитные области{поля}, происходящие от живущего организма. Датчик расположен ближайшим к организму и сформирован из ферромагнитного ядра, окруженного мультиповоротом прекрасная проводная катушка. Датчик соединен к обработке сигнала, которая усиливает сигнал от датчика и отфильтровывает части сигнала, которые представляют второстепенные магнитные области{поля}, происходящие от других источников. Сигнал от датчика годен для использования, чтобы обнаружить отклонения в области{поле}, происходящей от организма, показательного из благосостояния организма. Сигнал может также использоваться, чтобы возбудить магнитный полевой радиатор который продукции{выпуски} область{поле}, дополнительная к области{полю}, происходящей от организма.

 

 
Document ID    US5474082A
Title      Brain-body actuated system
Abstract           A method and apparatus for assisting a user to control a device in response to a combination of electroencephalographic and electromyographic potentials. The user selects a number of reference frequencies in a range of from 0.5 Hz to 45 Hz defining a like number of control signals. A digital lock-in amplifier is used with a moving average time window filter to produce control signals which are presented to the user. Control system responsiveness is controlled by adjusting the lengths of the moving average time windows. A phase-locked loop is closed around each control signal and is used to track the shifting frequencies of the control signals. The user is able to sense and control changes in the magnitude and frequency of the control signals in the control of the device. By sensing the changes in the magnitude and frequency of the control signals, the user is able to learn a combination of mental and/or physical activities for which changes in the electroencephalographic and electromyographic biopotentials are correlated to control of the device.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Junker, Andrew
Publication Date           1995-12-12
Application Date           1993-01-06
Intl Class          A61B00504
US Class          600545 600544 463036 345157 34082519 128905 341021 600546
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Название{Право} мозговое тело{мозговой орган} привело в действие систему
Резюме метод и аппарат чтобы помогать пользователю, чтобы управлять устройством в ответ на комбинацию electroencephalographic и electromyographic потенциалов. Пользователь выбирает множество частот ссылки{рекомендации} в диапазоне от 0.5 гц до 45 гц, определяющих подобное число{номер} сигналов контроля{управления}. Цифровой замок - в усилителе используется с фильтром окна времени скользящего среднего значения, чтобы произвести сигналы контроля{управления}, которые представлены пользователю. Живой отклик системы управления управляется, регулируя{приспосабливая} длины окон времени скользящего среднего значения. Запертая стадией петля закрыта вокруг каждого сигнала контроля{управления} и используется, чтобы отследить перемещающиеся{изменяющиеся} частоты сигналов контроля{управления}. Пользователь способен к смыслу{чувству} и изменениям{заменам} контроля{управления} в величине и частоте сигналов контроля{управления} в контроле{управлении} устройства. Ощущая изменения{замены} в величине и частоте сигналов контроля{управления}, пользователь способен изучить комбинацию об умственных и/или физических действиях, для которых изменения{замены} в electroencephalographic и electromyographic biopotentials являются коррелироваными к контролю{управлению} устройства.

 

 
Document ID    US5518497A
Title      Trophotropic response system
Abstract           A trophotropic response system which aids a user in achieving a relaxation response. In one embodiment the system includes a control unit and an audio-visual unit. The control unit includes a processor and associated hardware and software to control the audio-visual unit. The audio-visual unit includes a light producing unit having a pair of earphones coupled thereto. The light producing unit includes a plurality of light sources which direct light toward a diffuser screen disposed between the eyes of a user and the light sources. This arrangement permits the user to see light from the light sources diffused over a large visual angle. The light sources produce light and the earphones produce sound in response to audio and light control signals provided by the processor of the control unit. The signal characteristics of the light and sound control signals may be varied within predefined limits to aid the user in performing a relaxation exercise.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Cognitech Corporation
Inventor            Widjaja, Nusa Bolton, CliveFish, Robert W. Lee, William B.
Publication Date           1996-05-21
Application Date           1993-12-28
Intl Class          A61M02100
US Class          600027 600026 600028
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Название{Право} Trophotropic система ответа
Резюме trophotropic система ответа, которая помогает пользователю в достижении ответа расслабления. В одном воплощении система включает блок управления и аудиовизуальную единицу. Блок управления включает процессор и связанные аппаратные средства ЭВМ и программное обеспечение, чтобы управлять аудиовизуальной единицей. Аудиовизуальная единица включает свет, производящий единицу, имеющую пару наушников, соединенных к тому. Свет, производящий единицу включает множество легких источников, которые направляют свет к экрану распылителя, расположенному между глазами пользователя и легких источников. Эта договоренность разрешает пользователю видеть свет из легких источников, распространяемых по большому визуальному углу. Легкие источники производят свет, и наушники производят звук в ответ на звуковой и освещают{зажигают} сигналы контроля{управления}, обеспеченные процессором блока управления. Характеристики сигнала легких и звуковых{нормальных} сигналов контроля{управления} могут быть различны в пределах предопределенных пределов, чтобы помочь пользователю в выполнении осуществления{упражнения} расслабления.

 

 
Document ID    US5546943A
Title      Stimulating a beneficial human response by using visualization of medical scan data to achieve psychoneuroimmunological virtual reality
Abstract           A visualization system using a computer to provide a patient with a view of their internal anatomy based on medical scan data. The medical scan data is obtained from three-dimensional scanning system, such as Magnetic Resonance Imagery (MRI), Computer-Aided Tomography (CAT), Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR). The patient is presented with such data in an interactive virtual reality environment. The patient acts upon indications of the ailment within the virtual reality environment by using "tools" or other devices that produce a visual representation of the ailment being diminished in nature. This creates a psychoneuroimmunological response in the patient which aids the patient in combatting and recovering from the disease. Embodiments of the invention enhance the PNI response by providing more numerous and realistic sensory input in the form of, e.g., three-dimensional audio and high resolution volume rendering and animation.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Gould, Duncan K.
Publication Date           1996-08-20
Application Date           1994-12-09
Intl Class          A61B00600
US Class          600425 128898 600418434262 434267
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Название{Право} стимулирование выгодного человеческого ответа, используя визуализацию медицинских данных просмотра, чтобы достигнуть psychoneuroimmunological виртуального мира
Резюме система визуализации, используя компьютер, чтобы обеспечить пациента с целью их внутренней анатомии, основанной на медицинских данных просмотра. Медицинские данные просмотра получены от трехмерной системы просмотра, типа Магнитных Образов Резонанса (MRI), Автоматизированная Томография (КОТ), Томография Эмиссии Позитрона (ДОМАШНЕЕ ЖИВОТНОЕ) и Ядерный Магнитный Резонанс (ЯМР). Пациенту дарят такие данные в диалоговой окружающей среде виртуального мира. Пациент действует на признаки болезни в пределах окружающей среды виртуального мира, используя "инструменты" или другие устройства, которые производят визуальное представление болезни, уменьшаемой в характере{природе}. Это создает psychoneuroimmunological ответ в пациенте, который помогает пациенту в combatting и возвращающий от болезни. Воплощения изобретения увеличивают PNI ответ, обеспечивая более многочисленный и реалистический сенсорный вход{вклад} в форме, например., трехмерное звуковое и высокое предоставление объема{издания} решения и мультипликация.

 

 
Document ID    US5620463A
Title      Electrophysiological conditioning system and method
Abstract           Electrophysiological conditioning system including conditioning applicators transmitting electromagnetic conditioning signals capable of producing basis physiological effects of relaxation of the nervous system, stimulation of the blood circulation and stimulation of normal cell repair and regeneration, and capable of enhancing the natural self-defense and healing mechanisms of man and animals. The method of use is also disclosed.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Free World Trust
Inventor            Drolet, Roland A.
Publication Date           1997-04-15
Application Date           1994-08-30
Intl Class          A61N00118 A61N00204
US Class          607003
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Document ID    US5647834A
Title      Speech-based biofeedback method and system
Abstract           A method for effecting biofeedback regulation of at least one physiological variable characteristic of a subject's emotional state, comprising the steps of monitoring at least one speech parameter characteristic of the subject's emotional state so as to produce an indication signal, and using the indication signal to provide the subject with an indication of the at least one physiological variable. A system permits the method to be carried out in standalone mode or via the telephone line, in which case the indication signal may be derived at a location remote from the subject. Likewise, information relating to the subject's emotional state can be conveyed vocally to a remote party or textually through the Internet, and then processed as required.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Ron, Samuel
Publication Date           1997-07-15
Application Date           1995-06-30
Intl Class          A61B00502 A61F00558
US Class          600023
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Document ID    US5694939A
Title      Autogenic-feedback training exercise (AFTE) method and system
Abstract           The autogenic-feedback training exercise (AFTE) method of the present invention is a combined application of physiologic and perceptual training techniques, such as autogenic therapy and biofeedback. This combined therapy approach produces a methodology that is appreciably more effective than either of the individual techniques used separately. The AFTE method enables sufficient magnitude of control necessary to significantly reduce the behavioral and physiologic reactions to severe environmental stressors. It produces learned effects that are persistent over time and are resistant to extinction and it can be administered in a short period of time. The AFTE method may be used efficiently in several applications, among which are the following: to improve pilot and crew performance during emergency flying conditions; to train people to prevent the occurrence of nausea and vomiting associated with motion and sea sickness, or morning sickness in early pregnancy; as a training method for preventing or counteracting air-sickness symptoms in high-performance military aircraft; for use as a method for cardiovascular training, as well as for multiple other autonomic responses, which may contribute to the alleviaton of space motion sickness (SMS) in astronauts and cosmonauts; training people suffering from migraine or tension headaches to control peripheral blood flow and reduce forehead and/or trapezius muscle tension; training elderly people suffering from fecal incontinence to control their sphincter muscles; training cancer patients to reduce the nauseagenic effects of chemotherapy; and training patients with chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIP).
Document Type            USG
Assignee          The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Inventor            Cowings, Patricia S.
Publication Date           1997-12-09
Application Date           1995-10-03
Intl Class          A61B00502
US Class          600484 600546600529 128905 600544 600027
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Document ID    US5722418A
Title      Method for mediating social and behavioral processes in medicine and business through an interactive telecommunications guidance system
Abstract           A method for mediating social and behavioral influence processes through an interactive telecommunications guidance system for use in medicine and business (10) that utilizes an expert (200) such as a physician, counselor, manager, supervisor, trainer, or peer in association with a computer (16) that produces and sends a series of motivational messages and/or questions to a client, patient or employee (50) for changing or reinforcing a specific behavioral problem and goal management. The system (10) consists of a client database (12) and a client program (14) that includes for each client unique motivational messages and/or questions based on a model such as the transtheoretical model of change comprising the six stages of behavioral change (100) and the 14 processes of change (114), as interwining, interacting variables in the modification of health, mental health, and work site behaviors of the client or employee (50). The client program (14) in association with the expert (200) utilizes the associated 14 processes of change (114) to move the client (50) through one of the six stages of behavioral change (100) when appropriate by using a plurality of transmission and receiving means. The database and program are operated by a computer (16) that at preselected time periods sends the messages and/or questions to the client (50) through use of a variety of transmission means and furthermore selects a platform of behavioral issues that is to be addressed based on a given behavioral stage or goal (100) at a given time of day.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Bro, L. William
Publication Date           1998-03-03
Application Date           1994-09-30
Intl Class          A61B005021 A61B00504
US Class          600545 434118 600300 600544128920 482009 128905
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Название{Право} метод для того, чтобы являться посредником{добиваться} социальных и поведенческих процессов в медицине{лекарстве} и бизнесе через диалоговую систему руководства телесвязи
Резюме метод для того, чтобы являться посредником{добиваться} социального и поведенческого влияния обрабатывает через диалоговую систему руководства телесвязи для использования в медицине{лекарстве} и бизнесе (10), который использует эксперта (200) типа врача, адвоката, менеджера, наблюдателя, тренера, или пэра{равного по положению} в сотрудничестве с компьютером (16), который производит и посылает ряд мотивационных сообщений и/или вопросов клиенту, пациенту или служащему (50) для того, чтобы изменить или укреплять определенную поведенческую проблему и управление цели. Система (10) состоит из базы данных клиента (12) и программы (14) клиента, которая включает для каждого клиента уникальные мотивационные сообщения и/или вопросы, основанные на модели типа модели transtheoretical изменения{замены}, включающего шесть стадий{сцен} поведенческого изменения{замены} (100) и 14 процессов изменения{замены} (114), как interwining, взаимодействующие переменные в модификации здоровья, умственного здоровья, и поведений участка{сайта} работы клиента или служащего (50). Программа (14) клиента в сотрудничестве с экспертом (200) использует связанные 14 процессов изменения{замены} (114), чтобы переместить клиента (50) через одну из шести стадий{сцен} поведенческого изменения{замены} (100) когда соответствующее, используя множество передачи и получая средства. База данных и программа используются компьютером (16), что в предотобранных периодах времени посылает сообщения и/или вопросы клиенту (50) через использование разнообразия средств передачи и кроме того выбирает платформу поведенческих проблем{выпусков}, к которой нужно обратиться основанным на данной поведенческой стадии{сцене} или цели (100) в установленный срок дня.

 

 
Document ID    US5726156A
Title      Cytokine regulatory agents and methods of use in pathologies and conditions associated with altered cytokine levels
Abstract           The present invention relates to novel peptides that are potent cytokine regulatory agents. In addition, the present invention relates to pharmaceutical compositions comprising a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier and a cytokine regulatory agent. Administration of such a cytokine regulatory agent to a subject can enhance or restrain cytokine activity. Thus, the present invention provides a method of regulating cytokine activity in a subject having a condition characterized by aberrant or altered cytokine activity. The invention also provides methods of treating such conditions, including, for example, disuse deconditioning, diseases mediated by nitric oxide and cytokines, adverse drug reactions, obesity, septic shock, and adverse side effects due to cancer chemotherapy or occurring as in response to organ transplantation.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Trega Biosciences, Inc.
Inventor            Girten, Beverly E. Suto, Mark J. Basu, Amaresh Omholt, Paul Fagan, Patrick Andalibi, Ali Loullis, Costas C. Tuttle, Ronald R. Houghten, Richard A. Weber, Patricia A.
Publication Date           1998-03-10
Application Date           1995-09-12
Intl Class          A61K03800
US Class          514016 514017 530329 530317 530322 514018 530330
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Document ID    US5736986A
Title      Virtual reality mental conditioning medium
Abstract           The instant invention provides an article of manufacture comprising providing a computer program operable within a virtual reality device which is designed for perfecting mental visualization within the mind of a subject sufficient alone to effect a desired neurological and/or physiological change within the body of said subject, even in the substantial absence of any physical movement by said subject. It also provides the program in combination with a virtual reality device and a method of using the same. The steps of the method include: operatively interfacing the program with the device and mounting the device on the subject; and, running the program. The program can be designed to communicate a metaphoric or real, or combined real and metaphoric scenario to the subject which is designed for perfecting mental visualization within the mind of the subject sufficient alone to effect a desired neurological and/or physiological change within the body of said subject, even in the substantial absence of any physical movement by said subject. It can also be further designed to effect preconditioning of the subject's mind, such as inducing a state of meditation or hypnosis, or combinations thereof. The scenario of the program can be designed to exist in real time, real space, compressed time, compressed space, expanded time, expanded space, or any combination thereof; real or metaphoric or any combination of real and metaphoric. Optionally the program is further designed to enable (motor) interaction between the subject and/or an operator external to the preconditioning and the device.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Sever, Jr., Frank
Publication Date           1998-04-07
Application Date           1996-04-26
Intl Class          A63B02400
US Class          345419 434247
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Document ID    US5752521A
Title      Therapeutic exercise program
Abstract           A therapeutic exercise program for treating a patient whose abnormal condition, regardless of its nature and origin, is indicated by a resting heart pulse rate that deviates from the normal resting rate and a maximum heart pulse rate obtainable by physical exertion that deviates from the normal maximum rate, i.e., compromised range and flexibility. At the outset of the program, the patient is tested to determine his initial heart pulse range extending between his resting and maximum heart pulse rates to provide a base line for the program. In the course of the program, the patient whose heart beat is continuously monitored while exercising, undergoes a series of exercise-relaxation cycles. During each cycle, the exercising patient expends a surge of energy giving rise to a high pulse peak rate, the patient then relaxing to complete the cycle. This energy surge induces in the patient's heart a pendulum effect, causing the pulse rate to swing down from the peak rate to a resting rate below that in the initial range. The temporal conditions under which the program is conducted and its duration are such as to bring about a progressive rise in the maximum pulse rate attainable by the patient and to expand his range and increase the flexibility whereby at the conclusion of the program, the patient's maximum heart pulse rate and resting pulse rate approach those of an individual free of the abnormal condition.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Dardik, Irving I.
Publication Date           1998-05-19
Application Date           1993-11-12
Intl Class          A61B00502
US Class          600520 482009
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Document ID    US5800535A
Title      Wireless prosthetic electrode for the brain
Abstract           A wireless neural prosthetic device for a primary auditory cortex of a patient includes either a speech processor or a stimulating device for receiving and processing information and a wireless electrode arranged in the primary auditory cortex having a plurality of electrical contacts. The electrode can be arranged in the patient's primary auditory cortex and each of the plurality of electrical contacts independently outputs electrical discharges in accordance with the processed electrical signals. The plurality of electrical contacts can be arranged to approximately tonotopically match the primary auditory cortex.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          The University of Iowa Research Foundation
Inventor            Howard, III, Matthew A.
Publication Date           1998-09-01
Application Date           1994-11-01
Intl Class          A61F00218
US Class          623010
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Document ID    US5810731A
Title      Method and apparatus for elasticity imaging using remotely induced shear wave
Abstract           A method and devices for Shear Wave Elasticity Imaging (SWEI). The method employs a focused acoustic pulse which remotely induces a shear wave in tissue. The values of the shear modulus and dynamic shear viscosity of tissue are evaluated from the values of propagation parameters of shear acoustic waves detected by various means including Doppler ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Several devices for carrying out the method are described. Devices based on the method can be used as a diagnostic tool in the detection of abnormalities in tissue, such as those caused by cancer or other lesions and characterizing processes in tissues accompanied by changes in their mechanical properties. The devices can also be used for assessment of brain tissue and evaluation of the biomechanical state of muscle.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Artann Laboratories
Inventor            Sarvazyan, Armen P. Rudenko, Oleg V.
Publication Date           1998-09-22
Application Date           1997-03-04
Intl Class          A61B00800
US Class          600438
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Document ID    US5813766A
Title      Finger temperature indicating ring
Abstract           A finger temperature indicating ring for wearing around a finger to measure and indicate the finger temperature of the wearer. A thermal conductive rod made of highly thermal conductive material, such as platinum, is provided in the ring with a lower end of the rod exposed from the ring to contact with the finger. The finger's heat or cold is accurately and quickly transmitted to a thermistor provided with the ring via the thermal conductive rod, causing a circuit connected to the thermistor to operate and convert the finger temperature into a signal which is sent to an indicating element in the ring. With a switch button, the signal can be presented to the wearer in different manners, so that the wearer is always reminded and encouraged to release himself or herself from physical or mental stress.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Chen, Mei-Yen
Publication Date           1998-09-29
Application Date           1997-08-12
Intl Class          G01K00114 G01K00722G01K00116G08B02300
US Class          374141 3405731 3404071 600549063015 06300113 374183
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Document ID    US5814078A
Title      Method and apparatus for regulating and improving the status of development and survival of living organisms
Abstract           A method and apparatus utilizing the action of simulated bio- frequency spectrum signals generated upon human beings, animals, plants, and micro-organisms to regulate and improve the status of growth and survival of said organisms. The simulated bio-frequency spectrum signals are generated through the excitation of one or a plurality of chemical elements and their compounds contained in the simulated bio-frequency spectrum signal generator by certain form of energy. Said simulated bio- frequency spectrum signals are broad band signals with wavelengths ranging from micrometers to centimeters. Said signals act upon certain sites of the organisms, elicit transition of the atoms, molecules, and electrons in the body of the organism, and cause resonances, thereby the aim of regulating and improving the status of growth of the organism is achieved.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Zhou, Lin Zhang, Xue-shan
Publication Date           1998-09-29
Application Date           1995-02-28
Intl Class          A61N00506
US Class          607001 607088 607090 607096 607100
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Document ID    US5830065A
Title      User image integration into audiovisual presentation system and methodology
Abstract           An amusement park entertainment system that integrates an image of a patron into an audiovisual presentation. The patron enters a room where the lighting, sound, and scenery can be controlled. A standardized input sequence is obtained by computer automated/assisted process where user images (video cmaera input, voice parameters, etc.) prompting the user to provide certain views and voiced statements. Alternatively, photo scan or diskette/CD readers can accept user input image data. A one, two, or three dimensional image data representation of the user images is then generated, including the speech parameters of the patron. The image can later be manipulated to change the appearance of the image. This appearance change includes attire and adding tools relevant to the entertainment area used by the patron. The image can then be smoothly integrated into a preexisting audiovisual presentation, thus making the patron a synthetic actor in the production.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Sitrick, David H.
Publication Date           1998-11-03
Application Date           1996-05-14
Intl Class          A63F00922
US Class          463031 463035
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Document ID    US5853005A
Title      Acoustic monitoring system
Abstract           A transducer in communication with fluid in a pad held in close contact against a sound or movement source monitors acoustic signals transferred into the fluid. The signal pattern is monitored aurally and/or compared to predetermined reference patterns, and optional control and stimulation means can be activated in response to the comparison results. The sensed acoustic signal can be transmitted to a remote receiver or processed locally. Typically, the acoustic signal is representative of the heartbeat or breathing of a living organism. The monitoring system may be applied to diverse situations including SIDS, apnea, home baby monitoring, medical transport devices, blood pressure cuffs, seats, combat casualty care and hand-held devices.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
Inventor            Scanlon, Michael V.
Publication Date           1998-12-29
Application Date           1996-05-02
Intl Class          A61B00814 A61H00100B23P01902H04R02500
US Class          600459 601002 600437 0292355 600025 005940 381166 600438 381150 600472 601047 601046 601055
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Document ID    US5941906A
Title      Implantable, modular tissue stimulator
Abstract           The implantable, electrically operated tissue stimulator system comprises a master controller module having a micro-controller, a telemetry circuit, a power module, non-volatile memory, a real time clock and a bi-directional bus, and a plurality of Input/Output modules (I/O modules) which are connected to said bi-directional bus. Each I/O module 16 comprises (1) a control logic, (2) a programmable DC/DC Converter, (3) a capacitor multiplexer, (4) two or more electrodes (channels), (5) one amplitude holding capacitor per electrode, including circuitry for isolating the holding capacitor from other holding capacitors, and a switching network used for isolating the main power source from the electrodes during delivery of the stimulation pulses. Each I/O module can be used to (I) deliver stimulus pulses to two or more preselected channels, each channel being capable of being programmed to deliver pulses having a different amplitude, pulse width and rate, and each channel being capable of being programmed to stimulate either, in isolation from other channels or in combination with other channels, (II) learn and record into non-volatile memory the morphology of a biological signal, compare the prerecorded morphology against that of freshly acquired signals, and, upon a positive comparison, respond by either, initiating or terminating a preselected stimulation schedule, modifying the on-going stimulation schedule, or up- linking a command to another external medical device to initiate delivery of medical therapy, (III) write into non-volatile memory the time and date when adjustments are made to any of the stimulation parameters along with the new stimulation value (adjustments data base), and (IV) on a periodic basis or upon command, measure and write into non- volatile memory electrode impedance values along with the time and date when the adjustments are made (impedance data base).
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Medtronic, Inc.
Inventor            Barreras, Sr., Francisco J. Echarri, Roberto Echarri, Guillermo
Publication Date           1999-08-24
Application Date           1997-10-15
Intl Class          A61N00136
US Class          607066 607060
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Document ID    US5947908A
Title      Color reactivity device and method
Abstract           An apparatus and method for deriving, with respect to a particular individual, those color hues which have particularly major impact upon the individual in terms of being most positive or most negative. The patient is subjected to a display of changing color hues and is fitted with a biofeedback assembly that measures involuntary body system responses as the individual views the display. These measurements are coordinated with the color display in order to identify each color shade's impact upon the individual. In one preferred embodiment, the color display is generated by a monochromatic light source in order to subject the patient to true or pure color.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Morris, Ritchi
Publication Date           1999-09-07
Application Date           1997-02-18
Intl Class          A61B00502
US Class          600484 600027
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Document ID    US5995857A
Title      Biofeedback of human central nervous system activity using radiation detection
Abstract           Apparatus and method for biofeedback of human central nervous system activity using radiation detection. This invention uses radiation from the brain resulting either from an ingested or injected radioactive material or radio frequency excitation or light from an external source impinging on the brain. The radiation is measured by suitable means and is made available to the subject on which the measurement is being made for his voluntary control. The measurement may be metabolic products of brain activity or some quality of the blood, such as its oxygen content. One such system utilizes red and infrared light to illuminate the brain through the translucent skull and scalp. Absorption and scattering of incident radiation depends on the degree of oxygen saturation of the blood in the illuminated tissue. The relationship of the returned scattered and absorbed light intensities can be obtained and displayed via a suitable display of sound, graphics or both so that a human being included in the feedback system can attempt to vary the display and thereby control the actual brain blood oxygenation at will. Control of brain blood perfusion is so quickly mastered that most subjects require less than 5 minutes to gain control.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Toomim, I. Hershel Marsh, Robert C.
Publication Date           1999-11-30
Application Date           1997-06-27
Intl Class          A61B00500
US Class          600322 600340 128905 600333 600504
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Document ID    US6001065A
Title      Method and apparatus for measuring and analyzing physiological signals for active or passive control of physical and virtual spaces and the contents therein
Abstract           A method and apparatus are disclosed for measuring and performing real-time FFT analysis of bioelectrical signals such as (EEG and EMG) for the control of systems. Passive and active interaction with various electronic media such as video games, movies, music, virtual reality, and computer animations is also discussed. A method and apparatus for detecting the presence of a subject in a controlled area and for controlling real or virtual spaces is also disclosed.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          IBVA Technologies, Inc.
Inventor            DeVito, Drew
Publication Date           1999-12-14
Application Date           1996-03-21
Intl Class          A61B00504
US Class          600544 34082519 600546341020 463036

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Document ID    US6011991A
Title      Communication system and method including brain wave analysis and/or use of brain activity
Abstract           A system and method for enabling human beings to communicate by way of their monitored brain activity. The brain activity of an individual is monitored and transmitted to a remote location (e.g. by satellite). At the remote location, the monitored brain activity is compared with pre-recorded normalized brain activity curves, waveforms, or patterns to determine if a match or substantial match is found. If such a match is found, then the computer at the remote location determines that the individual was attempting to communicate the word, phrase, or thought corresponding to the matched stored normalized signal.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Technology Patents, LLC
Inventor            Mardirossian, Aris
Publication Date           2000-01-04
Application Date           1998-12-07
Intl Class          A61N00500
US Class          600544 600545
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Document ID    US6024700A
Title      System and method for detecting a thought and generating a control instruction in response thereto
Abstract           A method of detecting a thought and generating a control instruction corresponding to the thought includes detecting the thought by monitoring air pressure near a human ear when a user is thinking. In addition, the method includes providing a control instruction corresponding to the detected thought. A system for detecting a thought and generating a control instruction corresponding to the thought is also disclosed and includes a pressure sensor for sensing a pressure near a human ear when a user is thinking, wherein the sensor produces an electrical signal corresponding to the pressure. A processor processes the electrical signal to detect the thought, generates the control instruction in response to the detection, and sends a control instruction to an output peripheral which provides an output control function corresponding to the control instruction.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Nemirovski, Guerman G. Troussov, Gregory L.
Publication Date           2000-02-15
Application Date           1998-07-16
Intl Class          A61N00500
US Class          600300 128905 600544
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Document ID    US6026322A
Title      Biofeedback apparatus for use in therapy
Abstract           Apparatus and a program designed to train the user to control one or more aspects of his or her psycho-physiological state is controlled by signals representative of a psycho-physiological parameter of the user, e.g. galvanic skin resistance. This may be detected by a sensor unit with two contacts on adjacent fingers of a user. The sensor unit can be separate from a receiver unit which is connected to a computer running the program. The apparatus is described for use in treating patients with a physiological condition, for example, irritable bowel syndrome. In a treatment session, one or more psycho-physiological parameters of the patient is sensed and the sensed parameter used to alter a display which the patient watches. The display includes a visual or pictorial representation of the physiological condition being treated which changes in appearance in a fashion corresponding to the physiological change desired in the patient.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Ultramind International Limited
Inventor            Korenman, Ernesto Marcelo Dario Watson, Bernard WilliamOrbach, Tuvi
Publication Date           2000-02-15
Application Date           1997-02-06
Intl Class          A61B00500
US Class          600547
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Document ID    US6042548A
Title      Virtual neurological monitor and method
Abstract           The monitor provides a means of registering and(or) predicting changes in brain and central nervous system activity by processing cardiovascular monitoring data and using pattern recognition by trained computing means to predict changes in the state of the central nervous system. Hence, a "virtual" neurological monitor is created where cardiovascular data are processed through the described means and a set of real-time neurological state predictions are made.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Hypervigilant Technologies
Inventor            Giuffre, Kenneth A.
Publication Date           2000-03-28
Application Date           1997-11-14
Intl Class          A61B0050432
US Class          600483
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Document ID    US6048837A
Title      OB polypeptides as modulators of body weight
Abstract           The present invention relates generally to the control of body weight of animals including mammals and humans, and more particularly to materials identified herein as modulators of body weight, and to diagnostic and therapeutic uses of such modulators. In its broadest aspect, the present invention relates to nucleotide sequences corresponding to the murine and human OB gene, and two isoforms thereof, and proteins expressed by such nucleotides or degenerate variations thereof, that demonstrate the ability to participate in the control of mammalian body weight and that have been postulated to play a critical role in the regulation of body weight and adiposity. The present invention further provides nucleic acid molecules for use as molecular probes or as primers for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification. In further aspects, the present invention provides cloning vectors and mammalian expression vectors comprising the nucleic acid molecules of the invention. The invention further relates to host cells transfected or transformed with an appropriate expression vector and to their use in the preparation of the modulators of the invention. Also provided are antibodies to the OB polypeptide. Moreover, a method for modulating body weight of a mammal is provided.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          The Rockefeller University
Inventor            Friedman, Jeffrey M. Proenca, RicardoZhang, Yiying
Publication Date           2000-04-11
Application Date           1995-06-07
Intl Class          A61K03800
US Class          514002 4240851 514008 514012 514021 514844 514866 514909
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Document ID    US6055501A
Title      Counter homeostasis oscillation perturbation signals (CHOPS) detection
Abstract           A method and apparatus for detecting counter homeostasis oscillation perturbation signals (CHOPS) found within the wave form of human speech that reflects either arousal in the autonomic nervous system or other biological processes. The apparatus is a speech analysis system for obtaining biofeedback information from human speech samples having variable duration. The speech analysis system comprises means for digitizing the human speech samples, storage means for receiving the digitized speech samples from the digitizing means and storing the digitized speech samples, processing means for detecting and analyzing CHOPS in the digitized speech samples and display means for presenting the analyzed speech samples in a visual representation. The speech analysis system may further include transducer means for collecting and transducing human speech samples into electrical signals and input means for configuring the analysis parameters of the processing means. The present invention does not require any electrode or probe attachment from the speech analysis system to a subject. The method provides biofeedback from physiological indicators of stress using the speech analysis system. The method includes recording a human speech sample having variable duration with the transducer means, digitizing the human speech sample with the means for digitizing, storing the digitized speech sample in the storage means, determining CHOPS in the digitized speech sample with the processing means based on pre-determined parameters and identifying relationships between the CHOPS in the digitized speech sample with the processing means.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            MacCaughelty, Robert J.
Publication Date           2000-04-25
Application Date           1998-07-01
Intl Class          G10L00900
US Class          704272 704276
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Document ID    US6066163A
Title      Adaptive brain stimulation method and system
Abstract           An adaptive brain stimulation system and method is described which aids in the rehabilitation of patients from traumatic brain injury, coma, or other brain dysfunction. After a direct brain stimulator is implanted in a brain region of a patient, the patient is stimulated according to a set of stimulation parameters. A present state is measured and compared to a reference state by statistical and medically relevant criteria. The subsequent program of stimulation is dependent upon the outcome of the comparison. An adaptive brain stimulation and reinforcement system and method is also described in which a second area of the brain is stimulated when stimulation of the first brain area produces a desired effect, thereby reinforcing the prior response of the brain.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            John, Michael Sasha
Publication Date           2000-05-23
Application Date           1996-02-02
Intl Class          A61N00132 A61N00118
US Class          607045 607048 607062
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Document ID    US6089864A
Title      Bio-feedback, data acquisition teeth guards, methods of their manufacture and use
Abstract           A diagnostic and therapeutic apparatus for use in the evaluation, detection, and treatment of humans that suffer from chronic grinding of the teeth known as "bruxing." The apparatus includes a pressure sensor contained in a mouth piece and electronic for detecting activation of the sensor due to bruxing and for generating an human cognizable output in response to bruxing. The apparatus can also include electronics for storing and analyzing human bruxing activities.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Hintermister, William L.
Inventor            Buckner, Randall R. Dees, John D. Hintermister, William L.
Publication Date           2000-07-18
Application Date           1999-02-01
Intl Class          A61C00900
US Class          433071 433006 433068
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Document ID    US6097927A
Title      Active symbolic self design method and apparatus
Abstract           A method for behavior modification and memory enhancement utilizing a central processing unit, comprising compiling a symbolic profile of a subject participant, interpreting the subject participant's stored symbolic constructs, instructing the subject participant using virtual reality means, evaluating and recording physiological parameters of the participant and delivering symbolic containers to the participant; and delivering symbolic prescriptions to the subject participant for behavior modification and memory enhancement. The methodology allows for accessing and recognition of stored memory symbolic constructs by isolating symbolic quests embodied within multiple multimedia virtual reality events, and delivering the multimedia virtual reality events to a user by artificial intelligence and multi-media means, applying the symbolic constructs to the user. Apparatuses for behavior modification and memory enhancement, comprising devices for evaluating and constructing a symbolic profile of a subject participant, interpretative apparatus, virtual reality instruction apparatus for instructing the participant in behavior and memory modification, apparatus for evaluating and recording physiologic parameters of the subject participant and delivering symbolic containers to the participant and delivery apparatus for delivering symbolic prescriptions to the participant are included.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Symbix, Incorporated
Inventor            LaDue, Christoph Karl
Publication Date           2000-08-01
Application Date           1998-01-27
Intl Class          G09B00500
US Class          434308 434236 434238 434310 434322 434323
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Document ID    US6097981A
Title      Electroencephalograph based biofeedback system and method
Abstract           An apparatus and method with an electroencephalograph (EEG) based biofeedback system wherein a smooth, high quality computer animation is maintained while EEG responses are simultaneously being analyzed whereby the results of the analysis are then used to control the animation. EEG signals alone may be used to control computer animation. EEG signals may be sent from the head of the user to a remote receiver by infrared wireless transmission.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Unique Logic and Technology, Inc.
Inventor            Freer, Peter A.
Publication Date           2000-08-01
Application Date           1997-12-02
Intl Class          A61B00504
US Class          600545 600544
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Document ID    US6132724A
Title      Allelic polygene diagnosis of reward deficiency syndrome and treatment
Abstract           Enhancement of attentional processing is attained by administration of an endorphinase inhibitor or enkephalinase inhibitor and optionally, a dopamine precursor, or a serotonin precursor, a GABA precursor, or an endorphin or enkephalinase releaser, or certain herbal compounds including Rhodiola rosea extract (Pharmaline) and/or Huperzine. These components promote restoration of normal neurotransmitter function and the components combined enhance the release of dopamine at the nucleus accumbens and are non-addictive. Use of the dopamine precursors L-phenylalanine, or L-Tyrosine, the enkephalinase inhibitor D- phenylalanine, and/or the serotonin precursor -hydroxytryptophan and a natural acetylcholenesterase inhibitor and chromium salts (i.e. picolinate, nicotinate, etc.) is especially preferred, but not limited to assist in relieving symptoms associated with brain phenylalanine deficiency.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          City of Hope National Medical Center The University of Texas System AMD Board of Regents
Inventor            Blum, Kenneth
Publication Date           2000-10-17
Application Date           1998-04-29
Intl Class          A61K03578
US Class          424725 514188 514561
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Document ID    US6144954A
Title      Automatic development of computer software
Abstract           A self-optimizing method and machine automatically develop computer software in real-time according a specified performance by computer-generating a knowledge base associated with the computer software, by instantly computer-coding the computer-generated knowledge base into the computer software, and by saving the developed computer software in a software storage device.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Li, Chou H.
Publication Date           2000-11-07
Application Date           1998-01-27
Intl Class          G06F01700
US Class          706062 706046 706061
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Document ID    US6149577A
Title      Apparatus and method for creating a substantially contained, finite magnetic field useful for relieving the symptoms pain and discomfort associated with degenerative diseases and disorders in mammals
Abstract           A method and apparatus for relieving pain associated with degenerative diseases and disorders in biological subjects such as mammals. The method employs the use of an apparatus which is capable of producing a magnetic field of a particular nature which has been proven in human tests to dramatically reduce pain. An embodiment of the apparatus includes a frame, a plurality of magnets capable of producing a magnetic field wherein each of the plurality of magnets has a north pole and a south pole and a longitudinal axis passing therethrough and are partially held in place by the frame. Another embodiment incorporates a coil of electrically conducting material is wrapped about a frame, and/or the plurality of magnets in an orthogonal relationship to the longitudinal axis of each of the plurality of magnets. A source of electrical energy supplies an electrical current to the coil enabling a magnetic field to be produced therefrom. A switch is provided to enable the electrical current to flow in a first direction and optionally in a second direction opposite to the first direction. A rectifier is provided to alter the inherent supply voltage (e.g., 60 hertz) to a 120 hertz half sine or corresponding DC square wave form.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          EMF Therapeutics, Inc.
Inventor            Bouldin, Floyd E. Williams, C. Douglas Wascher, Rick R.
Publication Date           2000-11-21
Application Date           1999-03-18
Intl Class          A61B01752 A61N00100
US Class          600013 600009 600014
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Document ID    US6151571A
Title      System, method and article of manufacture for detecting emotion in voice signals through analysis of a plurality of voice signal parameters
Abstract           A method and system for monitoring a conversation between a pair of speakers for detecting an emotion of at least one of the speakers is provided. First, a voice signal is received after which a particular feature is extracted from the voice signal. Next, an emotion associated with the voice signal is determined based on the extracted feature. The emotion is screened and feedback is provided only if the emotion is determined to be a negative emotion selected from the group of negative emotions consisting of anger, sadness, and fear. Such determined negative emotion is then outputted to a third party during the conversation.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Andersen Consulting
Inventor            Pertrushin, Valery A.
Publication Date           2000-11-21
Application Date           1999-08-31
Intl Class          G10L01104
US Class          704209 704207 704270
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Document ID    US6152855A
Title      In-bed exercise machine and method of use
Abstract           A portable in-bed exercising machine is provided for strengthening and/or strength maintenance of the musculature and ligaments associated with an extremity. The exercise apparatus employs the principles of closed kinetic chain exercise of the extremity in both concentric and eccentric modes and for isometric, isotonic and isokinetic exercise. Each extremity is engaged separately allowing for bilateral, unilateral and reciprocal motion. As exemplified for lower extremities, force is actively applied to the feet with each lower extremity having the force level continuously adjustable from zero force to a force equal to or greater than body-weight. The exercise motions and force applications use the same major muscle groups as functional activities such as standing from a chair, climbing stairs, walking, jumping and jogging. Vertical support is provided for the lower extremity to stabilize and control the lower extremity motion within safe limits. Back support is provided for the user to exercise in a supine position. Almost any bed may be integrated with the force producing machine to form the exercise apparatus. Methods of use of the in-bed exercising machine are also presented.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Synergy Innovations, Inc.
Inventor            Dean, Jr., Robert C. Diamond, Solomon Deneen, Elizabeth K. Heermans, Amanda G. O'Neil, Gayle B. Smith, David S.
Publication Date           2000-11-28
Application Date           2000-02-02
Intl Class          A63B02100
US Class          482004 482051 482114 482120 482127 601024
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Document ID    US6176242B1
Title      Method of treating manic depression by brain infusion
Abstract           Techniques using one or more drugs, electrical stimulation or both to treat depression or manic depression by means of an implantable signal generator and electrode and/or an implantable pump and catheter. A catheter is surgically implanted in selected sites in the brain to infuse the drugs, and one or more electrodes are surgically implanted in the brain at selected sites to provide electrical stimulation.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Rise, Mark T.
Publication Date           2001-01-23
Application Date           1999-04-30
Intl Class          A61B01900
US Class          128898 607002
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Document ID    US6234982B1
Title      Apparatus and method for assessment and feedback training of step width coordination
Abstract           The apparatus provides feedback training of the proper base support during gait therapy of patients with neurological disorders. The apparatus produces recognizable by the user signals in response to change in distance between legs of the user or between the body of the user and an assisstive device. The apparatus is adjustable to desire distance between two legs or a distance between an assisstive device and the user's body, and to a particular exercise protocol.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Aruin, Alexander S.
Publication Date           2001-05-22
Application Date           1998-04-03
Intl Class          [7] A61B005103
US Class          600595
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Document ID    US6246344B1
Title      Method and apparatus for voluntary communication
Abstract           A method and apparatus for voluntary and involuntary communication by means of transmitting, receiving, interpreting, and displaying messages detected and generated by relative eyelid movement, particularly by using the differences in reflectivity of the human eye and eyelid to produce the messages.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Torch, William C.
Publication Date           2001-06-12
Application Date           1997-11-25
Intl Class          [7] H03K01794
US Class          341021 128903 34082519 341173 607007340575
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Document ID    US6261236B1
Title      Bioresonance feedback method and apparatus
Abstract           A biofeedback method and apparatus for applying a physical action to a subject for treatment purposes and for other applications is disclosed. The method and apparatus disclosed include the steps of coordinating the physical action to systolic upstroke and diastolic drain cycles of subject's peripheral blood flow. Coordination to the cycles of blood flow synchronizes the treatment action with homoeostatic rhythms of the body, which along with automatic dose individualization substantially enhance efficiency and predictability of the treatment effect. The method and apparatus are also used for diagnostic purposes.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Grimblatov, Valentin
Publication Date           2001-07-17
Application Date           1998-10-26
Intl Class          [7] A61B00502
US Class          600500 600479
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Document ID    US6275806B1
Title      System method and article of manufacture for detecting emotion in voice signals by utilizing statistics for voice signal parameters
Abstract           A database is provided. The database includes statistics of human associations of human voice parameters with emotions. A voice signal is received. At least one feature of this voice signal is extracted. This extracted voice feature is then compared to the voice parameters in the database. An emotion is selected from the database based on the comparison of the extracted voice feature to the voice parameters. Input from the user is received. This input includes a user-determined emotion. The user-determined emotion is compared with the emotion selected from the database. The selected emotion is output and a determination as to whether the user-determined emotion matches the emotion selected from the database is made. A prize is then awarded to the user if the user- determined emotion is determined to match the selected emotion from the database.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Andersen Consulting, LLP
Inventor            Pertrushin, Valery A.
Publication Date           2001-08-14
Application Date           1999-08-31
Intl Class          [7] G10L01522 G10L01502
US Class          704272 704270
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Document ID    US6280394B1
Title      Apparatus and methods for detecting and processing EMG signals
Abstract           Methods are provided for smoothing input signals having rapidly changing amplitudes, such as EMG signals from the tongue, which are detected by an intraoral device. One method calls for amplifying the EMG signals, converting the EMG signals to digital format, providing a moving average of the amplitudes of the EKG signals utilizing a moving the average processor, and windowing the averaged signals to discrete and stable amplitude levels. An adaptive moving average technique may be utilized, which includes a alaruy of parallel moving average processes and a differentiator which determines which process is used, depending on the rate of change of the signal amplitude. Another method calls for the use of a plurality of moving average processes in series which calculate the moving average of the same number of signals as a single moving average process, but has a faster response time. An intraoral device is used to detect the EMG signals. The intraoral device includes acrylic maxillary and mandibular splints. The maxillary splint has reference electrodes attached to its palate side, while the mandibular splint has active electrodes attached to the gum side. The intraoral device is strengthened by the use of woven fiberglass imbedded in its acrylic body.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Maloney, Sean R. Boyd, Mark J. Shoaf, Sarah C. Zlotolow, Ian M.
Publication Date           2001-08-28
Application Date           1999-03-15
Intl Class          [7] A61B00504
US Class          600546 600587
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Document ID    US6284794B1
Title      Method for treating tension-type headache with inhibitors of nitric oxide and nitric oxide synthase
Abstract           Tension-type headache is treated by interacting with neuronal transmission in relation to pain in connection with headache in a way which prevents or decreases sensitization of second order nociceptive neurons. In particular, treatment is performed by administration of an effective amount of a substance which prevents or decreases central sensitization. Important examples of such substances are substances which interact with nitric oxide, such as nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors, such as L-NMMA or L-NAME or L-NIO or L-NNA. According to a broader aspect of the invention tension-type headache is treated by administration of substances which are effective in preventing or decreasing pain in connection with tension-type headache, such as the substances mentioned above. Accordingly, the invention relates to treatment of tension-type headache by administration of substances which substantially inhibit the activity of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), such as NOS inhibitors, such as L-NMMA or L-NAME or L-NIO or L-NNA.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Head Explorer APS
Inventor            Olesen, Jes Jensen, Rigmor Madsen, UlfBendtsen, Lars
Publication Date           2001-09-04
Application Date           1999-05-04
Intl Class          [7] A61K031195
US Class          514565
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Document ID    US6293904B1
Title      Management of physiological and psychological state of an individual using images personal image profiler
Abstract           A method of generating a personal image profile based on an individual's physiological and cognitive state compromising: presenting a master set of images to an individual wherein each image in the master set is characterized by a set of scene and image related classifiers that are relevant to producing an effect on an individual; measuring and recording one or more of said individual's physiological parameters while viewing a presented image; measuring the individual's cognitive state from cognitive responses to each presented image; and generating a personal image profile of the individual based on combining the physiological and cognitive measures from said measuring steps, said personal image profile including image classifiers for identifying activating or deactivating images for said individuals.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Eastman Kodak Company
Inventor            Blazey, Richard N. Patton, David L. Fredlund, John R. Horwitz, Cecelia M. Mir, Jose M.Fedorovskaya, Elena A. Parks, Peter A. Prabhu, Girish V. Miller, Paige
Publication Date           2001-09-25
Application Date           1999-10-29
Intl Class          [7] A61M02100
US Class          600026 434236
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Document ID    US6322515B1
Title      Method and apparatus for the non-invasive detection of medical conditions by monitoring peripheral arterial tone
Abstract           A method and apparatus for non-invasively determining a physiological condition. The method can include steps of monitoring peripheral arterial tone using an external sensor, detecting a change in the peripheral arterial tone, and determining the physiological condition when a specific change in the peripheral arterial tone has been detected. The physiological condition may be a cardiovascular disease state or endothelial dysfunction, for example. The apparatus can include a probe applied to a subject's digit for sensing peripheral arterial tone and outputting a corresponding signal, and a processor which processes the signal and provides an output from which the physiological condition can be determined or which determines the physiological condition based on the signal.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Itamar Medical
Inventor            Goor, Daniel A. Lavie, PeretzSheffy, Jacob Schnall, Robert P.
Publication Date           2001-11-27
Application Date           1999-06-02
Intl Class          [7] A61B00502
US Class          600485 600483 600507600500 600504 600481
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Document ID    US6353810B1
Title      System, method and article of manufacture for an emotion detection system improving emotion recognition
Abstract           A voice signal and an emotion associated therewith is provided. Then, the emotion associated with the voice signal is determined in an automated manner and subsequently stored. Next, a user determined emotion associated with the voice signal is determined by a user and received. The automatically determined emotion with the user determined emotion are then compared.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Accenture LLP
Inventor            Petrushin, Valery A.
Publication Date           2002-03-05
Application Date           1999-08-31
Intl Class          [7] G10L01100
US Class          704236 704246 704270
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Document ID    US6354991B1
Title      Incontinence treatment device
Abstract           A device and method for treatment of urinary stress incontinence. At least one electrode is implanted in a pelvic muscle of a patient. A control unit receives signals indicative of abdominal stress in the patient and responsive thereto applies an electrical waveform to the electrode which stimulates the muscle to contract, so as to inhibit involuntary urine flow through the patient's urethra due to the stress.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Bio Control Medical LTD
Inventor            Gross, Yossi Lifschitz, DavidNissenkorn, Israel Cohen, Ehud
Publication Date           2002-03-12
Application Date           1999-10-06
Intl Class          [7] A61F00200
US Class          600029
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Document ID    US6358201B1
Title      Method and apparatus for facilitating physiological coherence and autonomic balance
Abstract           Method and apparatus for determining the state of entrainment between biological systems which exhibit oscillatory behavior such as heart rhythms, respiration, blood pressure waves and low frequency brain waves based on a determination of heart rate variability (HRV). Entrainment reflects a harmonious balance between the two branches of the autonomic nervous system within the body. This internal state of heightened physiological efficiency enhances health and promotes optimal performance. According to one embodiment a method is used to determine the entrainment level based on an entrainment parameter related to HRV. The method first determines the power distribution spectrum (PSD) and then calculates an entrainment parameter (EP), which is a measure of the power distribution in the HRV spectrum. High EP values occur when this power is concentrated within a relatively narrow range of frequencies, and lower values when the power is distributed over a broader range of frequencies. In one embodiment, an apparatus is provided for monitoring the heart beat and presenting this information via a personal computer, handheld device, or other processing means.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Childre, Doc L. Atkinson, Michael A.McCraty, Rollin I
Publication Date           2002-03-19
Application Date           1999-03-02
Intl Class          [7] A61B00500
US Class          600300 600500 600547
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Document ID    US6363284B1
Title      Method for the treatment of bedsores using electrical impulses
Abstract           A non-invasive method for the treatment of sores having substantially zero electrical activity, including the steps of: (a) situating a pair of spaced-apart electrodes in contact with healthy tissue on opposite sides of an area containing cells to be treated, (b) externally inducing and maintaining a percutaneous flow of electrical current between the electrodes through the area by establishing an external voltage wave form across the electrodes, (c) monitoring the area for independent electrical activity, wherein the sores are sores having substantially zero electrical activity, and (d) if the independent electrical activity is not sustained: reapplying step (b). The treatment method is particularly appropriate for bedsores.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          LifeCare Ltd.
Inventor            Nachum, Zvi
Publication Date           2002-03-26
Application Date           2000-06-14
Intl Class          [7] A61N00132
US Class          607050 607062 607070 128898 607074
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Document ID    US6375622B1
Title      Brush-writing instruments for health and therapy
Abstract           The present invention relates to a writing brush or instrument that can be used to enhance general health and render therapeutic effects in treating behaviourial, psychological, mental and psychosomatic disorders. The writing instrument has one or more biological detectors embedded in or attached to the shaft of the writing brush or instrument. The biological detectors record the biological activities of the user that are associated with the user's sensory, perceptual, emotional, cognitive and physiological conditions during writing or drawing. Sensory signals from the detectors can provide ongoing information of the user's graphonomic act and thus enable the user to control and regulate his or her bodily conditions throughout the writing process by influencing the changes in the sensory signals. The present invention is capable of improving the user's general health as well as providing therapeutic treatment for users with physical or mental disorders.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          The University of Hong Kong
Inventor            Kao, Shang Ren Henry Goan, Ching Hui
Publication Date           2002-04-23
Application Date           2000-07-14
Intl Class          [7] A61B00500
US Class          600485 600504 600500 600587 600301 600595600529 600561 600549 600300
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Document ID    US6394963B1
Title      Technique for diagnosing attention deficit disorder
Abstract           A method of determining whether an individual has Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) comprising: sampling the peripheral skin temperature of a human subject during a predetermined time interval when the subject is in an inactive state to provide sampled peripheral skin temperature data; and analyzing the sampled peripheral skin temperature data for a pre- selected parameter, to determine whether said pre-selected parameter has a value indicative of ADD.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Eastman Kodak Company
Inventor            Blazey, Richard N. Patton, David L.Parks, Peter A.
Publication Date           2002-05-28
Application Date           2000-06-20
Intl Class          [7] A61B00500
US Class          600549 600300
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Document ID    US6413190B1
Title      Rehabilitation apparatus and method
Abstract           A system for rehabilitative therapy including a muscle contraction or body movement sensor coupled to a converter or interface, which is in turn coupled to a computer input port. The system includes software running on the computer for obtaining patient data, obtaining real time sensor data, storing sensor historical data, and outputting the sensor data as gamepiece movement or position in an executing computer game. In one embodiment, joint flexion and extension are required to move a cursor right and left. In another embodiment, joint rotation is required to move a cursor up and down. In one system the interface outputs data to a computer serial port. In one system, the relative sensor position is reflected in gamepiece position. In another system, the sensor position relative to a threshold is reflected in gamepiece movement after the body sensor passes a threshold in muscle contraction or body movement. A preferred system includes software for analyzing the therapy data, preparing a summary, and forwarding the data and/or summary to another computer. The system encourages repetitive muscle contraction or body movement and rehabilitative therapy by requiring body movement to play a computer game. The system allows tracking and analysis of those muscle contractions or body movements over a single session and over multiple sessions over days and months.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Enhanced Mobility Technologies
Inventor            Wood, Krista Coleman Koval, Ronald
Publication Date           2002-07-02
Application Date           1999-07-27
Intl Class          [7] A63B02200
US Class          482008 600505463036 482009
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Document ID    US6425764B1
Title      Virtual reality immersion therapy for treating psychological, psychiatric, medical, educational and self-help problems
Abstract           A method of treating a psychological, psychiatric, or medical condition by choosing a psychological strategy for treating the condition, encoding electronic instructions for a virtual reality environment in such a way that the interactive virtual reality environment implements the psychological strategy, loading electronic instructions into a virtual reality technology unit ( 10, 22 ) equipped with a display ( 14, 40 ) for displaying the virtual reality environment and with a patient input device ( 14, 22, 32 ) for receiving responses to the environment from the patient, and instructing the human patient how and when to use the virtual reality technology unit to interact with the environment. The interactive environment contains instructions for a scoring procedure for quantitatively analyzing the medical condition of the patient, and/or counseling instructions or self-help instructions. The environment can be used in conjunction with a physical parameter measuring device ( 36 ) connected to the virtual reality technology unit ( 10 ). The process is comprehensive and takes place during immersion in fully interactive three-dimensional virtual reality environments utilizing computer generated graphics, images imported from photographs, and video for sensory stimulation. Immersion is achieved with goggles, a head-mounted-display, or other form of visual stimulation, such as surround projection screens or monitors or devices that permit the user to have a virtual experience. It includes the use of voice, music, and sound and other forms of physiological stimulation and feedback. Body sensors and devices such as a hand-held grip permit the user to interact with objects and navigate within the virtual environment.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Lamson, Ralph J.
Publication Date           2002-07-30
Application Date           1997-12-12
Intl Class          [7] G09B01900
US Class          434236
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Document ID    US6427137B2
Title      System, method and article of manufacture for a voice analysis system that detects nervousness for preventing fraud
Abstract           A system, method and article of manufacture are provided for detecting nervousness in a voice in a business environment to help prevent fraud. First, voice signals are received from a person during a business event. The voice signals are analyzed during the business event to determine a level of nervousness of the person, which is then output before the business event is completed. A degree of certainty as to the level of nervousness of the person may be output to assist one searching for fraud in making a determination as to whether the person was speaking fraudulently. Optionally, the level of nervousness of the person may be output in real time. As another option, an alarm may be set off when the level of nervousness goes above a predetermined level.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Accenture LLP
Inventor            Petrushin, Valery A.
Publication Date           2002-07-30
Application Date           1999-08-31
Intl Class          [7] G10L02100
US Class          704273 704272 704209 704270 704275
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Document ID    US6434420B1
Title      Biopotential electrode sensory component
Abstract           A method and apparatus for biopotential sensing and stimulation are provided including a sensory component, a biopotential sensor electrode, and a biopotential sensory electrode system. The sensory component includes a first layer of electrically conductive material coupled among a biopotential signal source and a dielectric layer. A second layer of electrically conductive material is coupled among the dielectric layer, resistive elements, a charge balancing current source and sink, and circuits of the associated biopotential electrode. The biopotential sensor electrode includes the sensory component, conditioning components, an interface, and a power source. Stimulation components may also be included to provide stimulation signals to the biopotential signal source. The interface transfers signals to external instrumentation using wireless or wired connections. The power source includes batteries, solar cells, and telemetry power sources. The biopotential sensory electrode system includes electrode arrays and a receiver section that transfers biopotential signals among the biopotential signal source and external instrumentation and equipment. A reference link among the sensor electrodes of an array is provided by a coupling that includes current injection to a surface of the biopotential signal source, or a common wire to all electrodes.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Integrated Biosensing Technologies
Inventor            Taheri, Babak A.
Publication Date           2002-08-13
Application Date           2000-03-21
Intl Class          [7] A61B00505 A61B00504
US Class          600547 600395600372
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Document ID    US6450820B1
Title      Method and apparatus for encouraging physiological self-regulation through modulation of an operator's control input to a video game or training simulator
Abstract           Apparatus and methods for modulating the control authority (i.e., control function) of a computer simulation or game input device (e.g., joystick, button control) using physiological information so as to affect the user's ability to impact or control the simulation or game with the input device. One aspect is to use the present invention, along with a computer simulation or game, to affect physiological state or physiological self-regulation according to some programmed criterion (e.g. , increase, decrease, or maintain) in order to perform better at the game task. When the affected physiological state or physiological self- regulation is the target of self-regulation or biofeedback training, the simulation or game play reinforces therapeutic changes in the physiological signal(s).
Document Type            USG
Assignee          The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the
Inventor            Palsson, Olafur S. Pope, Alan T.Harris, Sr., Randall L.
Publication Date           2002-09-17
Application Date           2000-07-03
Intl Class          [7] G09B01900 A63F01300
US Class          434236 463038463037 463036 434238
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Document ID    US6463415B2
Title      69voice authentication system and method for regulating border crossing
Abstract           A system, method and article of manufacture are provided for regulating border crossing based on voice signals. First, voice signals are received from a person attempting to cross a border. The voice signals of the person are analyzed to determine whether the person meets predetermined criteria to cross the border. Then, an indication is output as to whether the person meets the predetermined criteria to cross the border. In one embodiment of the present invention, an identity of the person is determined from the voice signals. In another embodiment of the present invention, emotion is detected in the voice signals of the person.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Accenture LLP
Inventor            St. John, Vicki
Publication Date           2002-10-08
Application Date           1999-08-31
Intl Class          [7] G10L02100
US Class          704273 704275 600300 704272 600407704270 704231
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Document ID    US6480826B2
Title      System and method for a telephonic emotion detection that provides operator feedback
Abstract           A system, method and article of manufacture are provided for monitoring emotions in voice signals and providing feedback thereon. First, a voice signal is received representative of a component of a conversation between at least two subjects. Thereafter, an emotion associated with the voice signal is determined. Feedback then provided to a third party based on the determined emotion.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Accenture LLP
Inventor            Pertrushin, Valery A.
Publication Date           2002-11-12
Application Date           1999-08-31
Intl Class          [7] G10L02100
US Class          704270 704274 704275704273
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Document ID    US6450820B1
Title      Method and apparatus for encouraging physiological self-regulation through modulation of an operator's control input to a video game or training simulator
Abstract           Apparatus and methods for modulating the control authority (i.e., control function) of a computer simulation or game input device (e.g., joystick, button control) using physiological information so as to affect the user's ability to impact or control the simulation or game with the input device. One aspect is to use the present invention, along with a computer simulation or game, to affect physiological state or physiological self-regulation according to some programmed criterion (e.g. , increase, decrease, or maintain) in order to perform better at the game task. When the affected physiological state or physiological self- regulation is the target of self-regulation or biofeedback training, the simulation or game play reinforces therapeutic changes in the physiological signal(s).
Document Type            USG
Assignee          The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the
Inventor            Palsson, Olafur S. Pope, Alan T.Harris, Sr., Randall L.
Publication Date           2002-09-17
Application Date           2000-07-03
Intl Class          [7] G09B01900 A63F01300
US Class          434236 463038463037 463036 434238
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Document ID    US6463415B2
Title      69voice authentication system and method for regulating border crossing
Abstract           A system, method and article of manufacture are provided for regulating border crossing based on voice signals. First, voice signals are received from a person attempting to cross a border. The voice signals of the person are analyzed to determine whether the person meets predetermined criteria to cross the border. Then, an indication is output as to whether the person meets the predetermined criteria to cross the border. In one embodiment of the present invention, an identity of the person is determined from the voice signals. In another embodiment of the present invention, emotion is detected in the voice signals of the person.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Accenture LLP
Inventor            St. John, Vicki
Publication Date           2002-10-08
Application Date           1999-08-31
Intl Class          [7] G10L02100
US Class          704273 704275 600300 704272 600407704270 704231
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Document ID    US6480826B2
Title      System and method for a telephonic emotion detection that provides operator feedback
Abstract           A system, method and article of manufacture are provided for monitoring emotions in voice signals and providing feedback thereon. First, a voice signal is received representative of a component of a conversation between at least two subjects. Thereafter, an emotion associated with the voice signal is determined. Feedback then provided to a third party based on the determined emotion.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Accenture LLP
Inventor            Pertrushin, Valery A.
Publication Date           2002-11-12
Application Date           1999-08-31
Intl Class          [7] G10L02100
US Class          704270 704274 704275704273
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Document ID    US6496724B1
Title      Method for the quantification of human alertness
Abstract           The method for the quantification of EEG waveforms along the alertness continuum involves collecting and transforming EEG signal data, identifying and rejecting or decontaminating epochs containing various artifacts, and classifying individual EEG patterns along an alertness- drowsiness continuum. The results of the multi-level classification system are applied in real-time to provide feedback to the user via an audio or visual alarm, or are recorded for subsequent off-line analysis.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Advanced Brain Monitoring, Inc.
Inventor            Levendowski, Daniel J. Konstantinovic, Zoran R. Berka, ChristineOlmstead, Richard
Publication Date           2002-12-17
Application Date           1999-06-30
Intl Class          [7] A61B00500
US Class          600544 128920 600545
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Document ID    US6527730B2
Title      Reducing noise in a technique for diagnosing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Abstract           A method of determining whether an individual has Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) comprising: sampling the peripheral skin temperature of a human subject during a predetermined time interval when the subject is in an inactive state to provide a sampled peripheral skin temperature signal containing noise: modulating said sampled peripheral skin temperature signal containing noise with a known reference signal to produce a modulated signal; inputting said modulated signal and said known reference signal to a lock-in amplifier to produce a sampled peripheral skin temperature signal free of said noise; and analyzing the sampled peripheral skin temperature signal for a pre-selected parameter to determine whether said predetermined parameter has a value indicative of ADHD.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Eastman Kodak Company
Inventor            Blazey, Richard N. Patton, David L. Parks, Peter A.
Publication Date           2003-03-04
Application Date           2000-12-21
Intl Class          [7] A61B00500
US Class          600549 600300 128898
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Document ID    US6527762B1
Title      Thermally-activated microchip chemical delivery devices
Abstract           Microchip delivery devices are provided that control both the rate and time of release of molecules, wherein the device includes a substrate, at least one reservoir in the substrate containing the molecules, and a reservoir cap positioned on the reservoir over the molecules, wherein the molecules are released from the reservoir upon heating or cooling the device or a portion thereof sufficient to rupture the reservoir cap. In a preferred embodiment, the device includes a resistor integrated into the reservoir or mounted near the reservoir, which upon application of an electric current through the resistor, causes at least one of the contents of the reservoir to thermally expand, vaporize, phase change, or undergo a thermally driven reaction, such that the reservoir cap ruptures due to mechanical stress. In another preferred embodiment, application of an electric current to a resistor located on or near the reservoir cap causes the cap to expand, contract, or undergo a phase change that results in the rupture of the reservoir cap. The reservoirs can contain multiple drugs or other molecules in variable dosages. Each of the reservoirs of a single microchip can contain different molecules and/or different amounts and concentrations, which can be released independently.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          MicroCHIPS, Inc.
Inventor            Santini, Jr., John T. Cima, Michael J. Uhland, Scott Albert
Publication Date           2003-03-04
Application Date           2000-08-11
Intl Class          [7] A61K00911 A61M03700
US Class          6048901 216002
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Document ID    US6529773B1
Title      Communication and control by means of brainwave and other processes causing voltage changes that can be measured from the body
Abstract           People can be taught to control voluntarily their own alpha rhythms. This can be used to send messages in Morse code and printed out by printer when an electroencephalogram pattern is processed by an appropriate computer program. Such procedures can also be used as control signals to activate servomechanisms any other device or appliance.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air
Inventor            Dewan, Edmond M.
Publication Date           2003-03-04
Application Date           2001-08-01
Intl Class          [7] A61B00504
US Class          600544
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Document ID    US6537272B2
Title      Apparatus and method for creating, maintaining, and controlling a virtual electrode used for the ablation of tissue
Abstract           The present invention provides an apparatus and a method for producing a virtual electrode within or upon a tissue to be treated with radio frequency alternating electric current, such tissues including but not limited to brain, liver, cardiac, prostate, breast, and vascular tissues and neoplasms. An apparatus in accordance with the present invention includes a source of super-cooled fluid for selectively providing super- cooled fluid to the target tissue to cause a temporary cessation of cellular or electrical activity, a supply of conductive or electrolytic fluid to be provided to the target tissue, and alternating current generator, and a processor for creating, maintaining, and controlling the ablation process by the interstitial or surficial delivery of the fluid to a tissue and the delivery of electric power to the tissue via the virtual electrode. A method in accord with the present invention includes delivering super-cooled fluid to the target tissue to cause a temporary cessation of cellular or electrical activity, evaluating whether the temporary cessation of cellular or electrical activity is the desired cessation of cellular or electrical activity, and if so, delivering a conductive fluid to the predetermined tissue ablation site for a predetermined time period, applying a predetermined power level of radio frequency current to the tissue, monitoring at least one of several parameters, and adjusting either the applied power and/or the fluid flow in response to the measured parameters.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Medtronic, Inc.
Inventor            Christopherson, Mark A.Onyekaba, Chike O.
Publication Date           2003-03-25
Application Date           2001-11-30
Intl Class          [7] A61B01818
US Class          606034 607105606041
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Document ID    US6546378B1
Title      Signal interpretation engine
Abstract           A signal interpretation engine apparatus and method are disclosed in certain presently preferred embodiment as including a computer programmed to run a plurality of modules comprising a feature expansion module, a weight table module, a consolidation module, and a map generation module. The feature expansion module contains feature operators for operating on a signal to expand the signal to form a feature map of feature segments Each feature segment corresponds to a unique representation of the signal created by a feature operator operating on the signal across an epoch. An epoch corresponds to an event occurring within a time segment. The weight table module provides a weight table having weight elements Each weight element has a weight corresponding to a feature segment of the feature map. The consolidation module provides a superposition segment by combining the feature segments of the feature map corresponding to the epoch by forming an inner product of the feature map and the weight table. The consolidation module also applies aggregators to consolidate the inner products or superposition segments into a distribution function representing an attribute over a domain reflecting a selected weight table, aggregator, and event type, corresponding to each value of the attribute. The map generation module produces an interpretation map that reflects a preferred weight table and aggregator to be applied to the signal data to characterize the event.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Bright Ideas, L.L.C.
Inventor            Cook, Daniel Reed
Publication Date           2003-04-08
Application Date           1997-04-24
Intl Class          [7] G06F01518
US Class          706012 706020382159
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Document ID    US6549805B1
Title      Torsion diagnostic system utilizing noninvasive biofeedback signals between the operator, the patient and the central processing and telemetry unit
Abstract           A biofeedback diagnostic system includes a triggering sensor and a central processing and telemetry unit having a block for producing a series of various type stimuli to a patient and an operator of the system. Two biofeedback loops are formed: central unit-patient-triggering sensor, and central unit-patient-operator. The triggering sensor remotely acquires the patient's brainwaves feedback to the stimuli and sends a digital signal back to the central unit. To improve the patient's intuitive response, an optoelectronic element is placed of the patient's forehead and illuminated with a laser light at a frequency of the patient's brainwaves theta-rhythm. To isolate the torsion component of the laser light, a cavity resonator is employed with a volumetric chamber having a size being some multiple of the transmission frequency of about 1.45 GHz.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          ClinicTech Inc.
Inventor            Nesterov, Vladimir I.Akimov, Anatoly E.Elistratov, Oleg M.
Publication Date           2003-04-15
Application Date           2001-10-05
Intl Class          [7] A61B00504
US Class          600545 600544
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Document ID    US6565518B2
Title      Technique for diagnosing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Abstract           A method for determining a threshold value of a parameter used to determine whether an individual has Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The method includes: providing a group of individuals a segment of which is known to have ADHD and a segment of which is known to be normal and not have ADHD; testing each individual in the group by sampling the peripheral skin temperature of the individual during a pre- determined time interval when the individual is in an inactive state to provide sampled peripheral skin temperature data, and analyzing the sampled peripheral skin data to produce a parameter value for that individual. The method further includes: processing the individual parameter values for all of the members of the group to determine a threshold parameter value which is acceptable for determining whether or not an individual has ADHD when tested by the testing procedure.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Eastman Kodak Company
Inventor            Blazey, Richard N.Patton, David L.Parks, Peter A.Miller, Paige
Publication Date           2003-05-20
Application Date           2001-05-25
Intl Class          [7] A61B00500
US Class          600549 600544600546
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Document ID    US6567686B2
Title      Method for improving lung delivery of pharmaceutical aerosols
Abstract           Disclosure is made of a method employing real-time imaging techniques such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging in order to investigate the effect of air way structures or administration and respiratory drugs when administered by oral inhalation. The information obtained from the practice of this method yields the criteria that can be used, among other things, to design more efficient aerosol drug delivery systems which optimize the amount of medicine delivered to the lung.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          IEP Pharmaceutical Devices, Inc.
Inventor            Sexton, FrederickAdjei, Akwete L.Genova, Perry Arthurvan Oostrom, Johannes HugoSchmalfuss, Ilona MariaMancuso, Anthony A.Melker, Richard Joel
Publication Date           2003-05-20
Application Date           2001-04-03
Intl Class          [7] A61B00505
US Class          600420 128922
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Document ID    US6584346B2
Title      Process and apparatus for selecting or designing products having sound outputs
Abstract           A process and apparatus for selecting or designing a product, such as a muffler, having a sound output which is less stressful or more pleasing. The process includes the steps of sensing at least one physiological response of a subject ( 21 ) while the subject listens to an initial sound output, repeating the sensing step for the new sound output, comparing the physiological responses, and selecting the sound output for use in selecting or designing the product which output produces the physiological response that is the least stressful or most pleasing to the subject. The apparatus includes an audio playback device ( 15 ) , a sound recording ( 16 ) of the initial sound, a sound recording ( 16 ) of the new sound, and physiological monitoring apparatus ( 17 ) suitable for attachment to and monitoring of the physiological responses of the test subject ( 21 ) to the playback of the sound recordings.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Flowmaster, Inc.
Inventor            Flugger, Ray T.
Publication Date           2003-06-24
Application Date           2001-01-22
Intl Class          [7] A61B00504
US Class          600544 705010703008702033
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Document ID    US6623427B2
Title      Biofeedback based personal entertainment system
Abstract           A personal entertainment system calibrated and controlled by the biological or physiological condition of a user is disclosed. The entertainment system includes a media player; a sensor operative to detect biological parameters and generating a control signal in response to the detected parameters, the sensor being operably coupled to the media player; and a processing element which associates the control signal to at least one type of media preference, and causes the media player to provide media stimuli based on the control signal. Thus the media stimuli provided by the entertainment system is specific to the individual preferences and detected condition of the user.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
Inventor            Mandigo, Lonnie D
Publication Date           2003-09-23
Application Date           2001-09-25
Intl Class          [7] A61B00500 A61B00508A61B00504A61B00505A61B00502
US Class          600300 600529600346600481600544600545600546
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Document ID    US6636763B1
Title      Brain-body actuated system
Abstract           An apparatus for controlling a plurality of devices in response to biopotentials produced by gestures made by a user. The apparatus includes a sensor ( 22 ) applied to the user for producing an input signal representing the biopotentials, wherein the input signal changes as a function of chances in the biopotentials. A plurality of bandpass filters ( 28, 30, 32 ) are responsive to the input signal, and each of the filters produces respective frequency signals. A processor ( 38 ) is responsive to the frequency signals from each of the filters and generates control signals in response to gestures made by the user to command operation of a device ( 40 ). A method is also provided that analyzes the high frequency signals with respect to a plurality of gesture models to detect a plurality of gestures being made by the user and then, provides control signals to a device ( 40 ) for controlling the device in response to a plurality of gestures made by the user. The method includes detecting a short eyebrow lift, a long eyebrow lift, a jaw clench, a short eyebrow drop, right and left eye glances and multiple eye blink gestures of the user. In another aspect of the invention, the method provides continuous analog control signals in response to eye gestures of the user.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Junker, AndrewBerg, Christian R.
Publication Date           2003-10-21
Application Date           2001-06-07
Intl Class          [7] A61B00504
US Class          600545 60054460054634515734082519434112
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Document ID    US6644976B2
Title      Apparatus, method and computer program product to produce or direct movements in synergic timed correlation with physiological activity
Abstract           An apparatus and method is presented for promoting movements of a subject in synergic timed correlation with physiological activity. The apparatus includes a synergic programs module that directs the movements in a temporally varying fashion. The synergic programs module causes generation of at least one signal, stimulus, or force, where the movements are performed in response to the at least one signal, stimulus, or force, where each of the at least one signal, stimulus, or force is determined so as to reduce meaning and/or emotional content to the subject, where each signal and stimulus is from a pool that comprises signals and stimuli that are sensorially understandable or recognizable by the subject, and where timing of the movements is based on at least a primary correlation factor and a secondary correlation factor. The primary correlation factor is determined so that the movements are synchronized with referential points of an intrinsically variable cyclical physiological activity. The secondary correlation factor is determined based on (a) fluctuations based on results of a first function; and (b) fluctuations based on a quantity of cycles of the physiological activity elapsing between any two of the movements or any two groupings of the movements, where the quantity of cycles is based on results of a second function.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Kullok, SaulKullok, Jose R.
Publication Date           2003-11-11
Application Date           2001-09-10
Intl Class          [7] G09B01900 G09B22328A63B06900
US Class          434236 434262434258434247128905
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Document ID    US6658287B1
Title      Method and apparatus for predicting the onset of seizures based on features derived from signals indicative of brain activity
Abstract           This invention is a method, and system for predicting the onset of a seizure prior to electrograph onset in an individual. During an "off- line" mode, signals representing brain activity of an individual (either stored or real time) are collected, and features are extracted from those signals. A subset of features, which comprise a feature vector, are selected by a predetermined process to most efficiently predict (and detect) a seizure in that individual. An intelligent prediction subsystem is also trained "off-line" based on the feature vector derived from those signals. During "on-line" operation, features are continuously extracted from real time brain activity signals to form a feacture vector, and the feature vector is continuously analyzed with the intelligent prediction subsystem to predict seizure onset in a patient. The system, and method are preferably implemented in an implanted device ( 102 ) that is capable of warning externally an individual of the probability of a seizure, and/or automatically taking preventative actions to abort the seizure. In addition, methods are provided for applying intervention measures to an animal to abort or modulat a seizure by adjusting the modality of an intervention measure; and/or parameters of an intervention measure based upon a probability measure indicative of a likelihood of seizure occurrence; and/or a predicted time to seizure onset.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Georgia Tech Research Corporation
Inventor            Litt, BrianEchauz, JavierVachtsevanos, GeorgeEsteller, Rosana
Publication Date           2003-12-02
Application Date           2001-05-18
Intl Class          [7] A61B00504
US Class          600544
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Document ID    US6669649B2
Title      Manipulation device with buoyancy breath monitor
Abstract           A device for monitoring the breath of a user includes a tub containing a liquid for at least partially immersing the user in the liquid and a weight sensor positioned to sense weight information of the user while the user is at least partially immersed in the liquid. A controller is operably connected to the weight sensor to receive the weight information and is adapted to dynamically determine at least one of a respiratory phase of the user and a respiratory amplitude of the user using changes in the weight information over a period of time resulting from buoyancy changes of the user. The respiratory phase and/or the respiratory amplitude can be utilized to detect volitional breath commands, to detect pain thresholds of the user, to provide breath synchronized manipulations to the user, and to provide breath synchronized coaching signals to the user.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Kahn, Rocky
Publication Date           2003-12-30
Application Date           2002-05-09
Intl Class          [7] A61B00508
US Class          600529 600534
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Document ID    US6678548B1
Title      Unified probabilistic framework for predicting and detecting seizure onsets in the brain and multitherapeutic device
Abstract           A method and an apparatus for predicting and detecting epileptic seizure onsets within a unified multiresolution probabilistic framework, enabling a portion of the device to automatically deliver a progression of multiple therapies, ranging from benign to aggressive as the probabilities of seizure warrant. Based on novel computational intelligence algorithms, a realistic posterior probability function P(S t |x) representing the probability of one or more seizures starting within the next T minutes, given observations x derived from IEEG or other signals, is periodically synthesized for a plurality of prediction time horizons. When coupled with optimally determined thresholds for alarm or therapy activation, probabilities defined in this manner provide anticipatory time-localization of events in a synergistic logarithmic- like array of time resolutions, thus effectively circumventing the performance vs. prediction-horizon tradeoff of single-resolution systems. The longer and shorter prediction time scales are made to correspond to benign and aggressive therapies respectively. The imminence of seizure events serves to modulate the dosage and other parameters of treatment during open-loop or feedback control of seizures once activation is triggered. Fast seizure onset detection is unified within the framework as a degenerate form of prediction at the shortest, or even negative, time horizon. The device is required to learn in order to find the probabilistic prediction and control strategies that will increase the patient's quality of life over time. A quality-of-life index (QOLI) is used as an overall guide in the optimization of patient-specific signal features, the multitherapy activation decision logic, and to document if patients are actually improving.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          The Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania
Inventor            Echauz, Javier RamónLitt, BrianEsteller, RosanaVachtsevanos, George John
Publication Date           2004-01-13
Application Date           2000-10-20
Intl Class          [7] A61B00504
US Class          600544
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Document ID    US6695761B2
Title      Apparatus for assisting a heart
Abstract           An implantable apparatus for treating a heart of a living organism which contains a device for withdrawing blood from the heart, for imparting helical flow to the blood, for recording at least one energy characteristic of the heart, and for imparting energy to the living organism.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Biomed Solutions, LLC
Inventor            Oschman, James L.Gray, Robert W.
Publication Date           2004-02-24
Application Date           2002-01-30
Intl Class          [7] A61N001362
US Class          600016
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Document ID    US6697457B2
Title      Voice messaging system that organizes voice messages based on detected emotion
Abstract           A system, method and article of manufacture are provided for managing voice messages based on emotion characteristics of the voice messages. First, a plurality of voice messages that are transferred over a telecommunication network are received. Thereafter, such voice messages are stored on a storage medium. An emotion associated with voice signals of the voice messages is then determined. The voice messages are organized based on the determined emotion. Access to the organized voice messages is then permitted.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Accenture LLP
Inventor            Petrushin, Valery A.
Publication Date           2004-02-24
Application Date           1999-08-31
Intl Class          [7] H04M00164
US Class          37908808 704205704270704209
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Document ID    US6725092B2
Title      Electromagnetic radiation immune medical assist device adapter
Abstract           An electromagnetic radiation immune medical assist system includes a medical assist device; a photonic lead having a proximal end and a distal end; and an adapter to operatively connect the medical assist device with the photonic catheter. The adapter includes a housing, an interface to provide an operative communication connection between the adapter and the medical assist device, a transducer to convert information from the medical assist device into optical energy, and an optical interface to provide an operative connection between the adapter and the photonic catheter.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          Biophan Technologies, Inc.
Inventor            MacDonald, Stuart G.Weiner, Michael L.Helfer, Jeffrey L.
Publication Date           2004-04-20
Application Date           2002-04-25
Intl Class          [7] A61N00100
US Class          607002
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Document ID    US6726624B2
Title      METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER (ADHD) MEDICATION DOSAGE AND FOR MONITORING THE EFFECTS OF ADHD MEDICATION ON PEOPLE WHO HAVE ADHD USING COMPLEMENTARY TESTS
Abstract           A method for determining the appropriate dosage of a medication to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in an individual who has ADHD. The method comprises sampling the peripheral skin temperature of left and right like extremities of an individual during a predetermined time interval when the individual is in a sensory deprived state to provide respective left and right sampled peripheral skin temperature data; processing the sampled peripheral skin temperature data; processing the sampled peripheral skin temperature data including filtering, differentiation, and conversion to the frequency domain to derive spectral signatures whose magnitudes are indicative of the level of ADHD manifestation. The effectiveness of the medication is calculated by comparison to predetermined threshold values.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          The McLean Hospital Corporation
Inventor            Keirsbilck, Richard S.Patton, David L.Blazey, Richard N.Parks, Peter A.Miller, Paige
Publication Date           2004-04-27
Application Date           2002-03-06
Intl Class          [7] A61B00500
US Class          600300 600549
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Document ID    US6734834B1
Title      Closed-loop augmented reality apparatus
Abstract           Apparatus and system for adaptive augmented reality includes at least one non-radiating sensor, mountable on a body, for detecting body movements and producing signals related to the body movements, and a processor configured to receive the signals and generate an image, wherein the generated image is adapted according to the detected body movements. The invention provides closed-loop biofeedback for adaptation of body movements, and may be used for treating a movement disorder, such as Parkinson's Disease. System and method for reducing involuntary movement artifacts from a signal, include a processor for filtering a signal representative of a voluntary movement having involuntary movements therein, an adaptive processor for adaptively filtering a vertical motion signal, and a subtractor for subtracting the involuntary movements from the voluntary movement signal to produce a reduced artifact signal. The adaptive involuntary movement processor adapts its processing using the reduced artifact signal. Method for adaptive augmented reality and for treating a movement disorder includes the steps of providing an image to a person, receiving signals related to movements of the person, adapting the image according to the received signals, and providing the adapted image to the person, wherein the adapted image enables the person to adjust body movements.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Baram, Yoram
Publication Date           2004-05-11
Application Date           2000-08-02
Intl Class          [7] G09G00500 G06K00962A61B005177
US Class          345008 600595382155345156345007
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Document ID    US6746409B2
Title      Technique for diagnosing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder using complimentary tests
Abstract           A method of determining threshold values, subsequently used to determine whether an individual has Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) comprising: providing a group of subjects, a segment of which is known to have ADHD and a segment is known to not have ADHD; and testing each subject in the group by: (a) sampling the peripheral skin temperature of left and right like extremities during a predetermined time interval when the subject is in a sensory deprived state to provide respective left and right sampled peripheral skin temperature data; (b) processing the sampled peripheral skin temperature data, including filtering, differentiation, and conversion to the frequency domain to derive spectral signatures having magnitude values; and (c) final processing of spectral signatures for all of the subjects of the group to determine threshold values which are complimentarily effective for determining whether or not an individual has ADHD when tested by the testing method.
Document Type            USG
Assignee          The McLean Hospital Corporation
Inventor            Keirsbilck, Richard S.Patton, David L.Blazey, Richard N.Parks, Peter A.Miller, Paige
Publication Date           2004-06-08
Application Date           2002-02-14
Intl Class          [7] A61B00500
US Class          600549 600300128898
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Document ID    US6752772B2
Title      Manipulation device with dynamic intensity control
Abstract           A device includes at least one manipulator located below the user to manipulate the user, a translator which moves the manipulator along the user, and a mechanism to change a pressure intensity of the manipulator while providing spatially uniform support to the user outside a contact patch of the manipulator. Various embodiments include adjusting tension of a membrane supporting the user above the manipulator, adjusting the vertical position of a membrane supporting the user above the manipulator, adjusting fluid pressure in a bladder located between the user and the manipulator, adjusting fluid pressure in a bladder containing the manipulator; adjusting emergence of the user in a liquid supporting the user, changing the level of liquid supporting the user relative by pumping the liquid or actuating valves which allow the liquid to flow, and injecting gas into liquid supporting the user to modifying its density.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Kahn, Rocky
Publication Date           2004-06-22
Application Date           2002-05-09
Intl Class          [7] A61H01500
US Class          601098 601116601108601103
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Document ID    US6758813B2
Title      Method to universally connect applications data streams to VRML content
Abstract           A method for universally connecting proprietary or non-proprietary biofeedback data streams to multimedia content in a VRML environment, having the steps of acquiring the data streams with a predefined threshold value converting the data streams to values between approximately 0 and approximately 1 (where those values above approximately 0.5 represent success and those below 0.5 represent failure) , and hooking the values to an eventIn of a node having a corresponding eventOut associated with it, and passing those values in a form suitable for interpolation.
Document Type            USG
Assignee         
Inventor            Meadows, Jonathan L.
Publication Date           2004-07-06
Application Date           2002-07-25
Intl Class          [7] A61B00500
US Class          600300
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Document ID    US20020077534A1
Title      Method and system for initiating activity based on sensed electrophysiological data
Abstract           A hands-free human-machine interface uses body position, limb motion, speech signals, and/or changes in the operator's level of cognition and/or stress to control the user interface of an interactive system. Signals are acquired from mental and/or physical processes, such as brainwaves, eye, heart, and muscle activities, larynx activity, body position and motion changes, and stress indicating measures. The signals are measured and processed to replace a hand-operated mouse, keypad, joystick, video game, or other controls with a motion-based gestural interface that works, optionally in conjunction with a larynx activated speech processor. For disabled individuals without sufficient dexterity and speech capacity, multimodal neuroanalysis will reveal intended movements and these will be used to operate an imagined mouse or keypad.
Document Type            USA
Assignee          Human Bionics LLC
Inventor            DuRousseau, Donald R.
Publication Date           2002-06-20
Application Date           2001-12-18
Intl Class          [07] A61B00500
US Class          600300 128925 34082519 600544 600595600546
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Document ID    US20020107211A1
Title      Modulators of body weight, corresponding nucleic acids and proteins, and diagnostic and therapeutic uses thereof
Abstract           The present invention relates generally to the control of body weight of animals including mammals and humans, and more particularly to materials identified herein as modulators of weight, and to the diagnostic and therapeutic uses to which such modulators may be put. In its broadest aspect, the present invention relates to the elucidation and discovery of nucleotide sequences, and proteins putatively expressed by such nucleotides or degenerate variations thereof, that demonstrate the ability to participate in the control of mammalian body weight. The nucleotide sequences in object represent the genes corresponding to the murine and human ob gene, that have been postulated to play a critical role in the regulation of body weight and adiposity. Preliminary data, presented herein, suggests that the polypeptide product of the gene in question functions as a hormone. The present invention further provides nucleic acid molecules for use as molecular probes, or as primers for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification, i.e., synthetic or natural oligonucleotides. In further aspects, the present invention provides a cloning vector, which comprises the nucleic acids of the invention; and a bacterial, insect, or a mammalian expression vector, which comprises the nucleic acid molecules of the invention, operatively associated with an expression control sequence. Accordingly, the invention further relates to a bacterial or a mammalian cell transfected or transformed with an appropriate expression vector, and correspondingly, to the use of the above mentioned constructs in the preparation of the modulators of the invention. Also provided are antibodies to the ob polypeptide. Moreover, a method for modulating body weight of a mammal is provided. In specific examples, genes encoding two isoforms of both the murine and human ob polypeptides are provided.
Document Type            USA
Assignee          The Rockefeller University
Inventor            Friedman, Jeffrey M. Maffei, MargheritaProenca, Ricardo Halaas, Jeffrey L. Burley, Stephen K. Gajiwala, Ketan Zhang, Yiying
Publication Date           2002-08-08
Application Date           2000-12-13
Intl Class          [07] A61K04800 C07H02104
US Class          514044 5360232
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Document ID    US20020118373A1
Title      Method for detecting movement of a sample primarily for use in magnetic resonance imaging of the sample
Abstract           Motion artefacts are a major hindrance in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging applications, particularly functional imaging and other high- sensitivity applications. The system as disclosed provides a versatile laser ranging method for the measurement of body part rotation and translation, simultaneously in three dimensions. Since optical motion detection and NMR data acquisition are inherently independent, these two systems can function efficiently in parallel. Furthermore, using these optical motion data, real-time image artefact correction can be achieved by passing the appropriate parameters to the pulse programmer to change the acquisition in real time. The system uses three laser diodes mounted on a fixed platform and generating converging beams impinging on three retro-reflectors to generate three parallel but offset reflected beams the positions of which are detected by position sensing detectors providing two output signals indicative of the position of the beam in the plane of the detector. A mounting assembly for a frame of the reflectors is provided which mounts a frame supporting them on a headphone structure on the patient head. A calculation is provided which locates the position of the frame in the coordinates of the magnet to allow the NMR experiments to compensate for detected movement of the patient's head.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Eviatar, Hadass Sharp, Jonathan Curnow Schattka, Bernhard J. Alexander, Murray Ellis Roshick, Jeremy Joseph Summers, Arthur Randolph
Publication Date           2002-08-29
Application Date           2001-11-19
Intl Class          [07] G01B01114
US Class          356614
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Document ID    US20020133084A1
Title      Device for measuring blood flow to the brain
Abstract           A device for measuring the relative blood flow rates between the right and left hemispheres of the brain utilizing a first sensor adapted to lie in the vicinity of the right ear of a mammalian subject. The first sensor generates a first signal representing the temperature of the right ear. Likewise, a second sensor is adapted to lie in the vicinity of the left ear and measure the temperature of the left ear. A signal is generated by the second sensor representing such temperature measurement. A monitor simultaneously acquires the first and second signals and the quantitative difference between the first and second signals is determined.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Wilson, David L.
Publication Date           2002-09-19
Application Date           2001-02-22
Intl Class          [07] A61B00502
US Class          600504 600549
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Document ID    US20020183721A1
Title      Microchip devices with improved reservoir opening
Abstract           Microchip devices and methods of manufacture thereof are provided to increase the uniformity and reliability of active exposure and release of microchip reservoir contents. In one embodiment, the microchip device for the controlled release or exposure of molecules or secondary devices comprises: (1) a substrate having a plurality of reservoirs; (2) reservoir contents comprising molecules, a secondary device, or both, located in the reservoirs; (3) reservoir caps positioned on the reservoirs over the reservoir contents; (4) electrical activation means for disintegrating the reservoir cap to initiate exposure or release of the reservoir contents in selected reservoirs; and (5) a current distribution means, a stress induction means, or both, operably engaged with or integrated into the reservoir cap, to enhance reservoir cap disintegration.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Santini, John T. Cima, Michael J. Sbiaa, ZouhairSheppard, Norman F. Flynn, Nolan T. Uhland, Scott A.
Publication Date           2002-12-05
Application Date           2002-05-31
Intl Class          [07] A61K00922
US Class          6048901 60409301
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Document ID    US20030009078A1
Title      MANAGEMENT OF PHYSIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL STATE OF AN INDIVIDUAL USING IMAGES CONGNITIVE ANALYZER
Abstract           A method of classifying an individual's personal preference for an on a scale extending viewing an image for a period of time; and ranking the image on a scale extending between a "detached" feeling and an "attached" feeling, where "detached" is a feeling of not being able to personally connect to the object or situation depicted in the image, and "attached" is a feeling of a personal connection to the object of situation depicted in their image.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            FEDOROVSKAYA, ELENA A. PATTON, DAVID L. FREDLUND, JOHN R. HORWITZ, CECELIA M. MIR, JOSE M.PRABHU, GIRISH V.
Publication Date           2003-01-09
Application Date           1999-10-29
Intl Class          [07] A61M02100
US Class          600026
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Document ID    US20030023444A1
Title      A VOICE RECOGNITION SYSTEM FOR NAVIGATING ON THE INTERNET
Abstract           A system, method and article of manufacture are provided for recognizing voice commands for manipulating data on the Internet. Data is provided on a website. Voice signals are received from a user who is accessing the website, which are interpreted to determine navigation commands. Selected data of the website is output based on the navigation commands. In one embodiment of the present invention, the data includes a voice-activated application. The user may be allowed to access the website from either a computer or a telephone, or both. A language may be determined from the voice signals and the voice signals interpreted in the language being spoken by the user.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            ST. JOHN, VICKI
Publication Date           2003-01-30
Application Date           1999-08-31
Intl Class          [07] G10L01100
US Class          7042701
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Document ID    US20030073552A1
Title      Biosensory ergonomic chair
Abstract           The current apparatus is a chair assembly comprised of a plurality of structural, pivotal, sensor, and material designs to provide for the comfort and health of the user. The frame provides the user with substantial support along the entire region of the user's body. The frame adjusts, both vertically and horizontally, via adjustable ball joints which operate in conjunction with the body joints. The frame, in conjunction with interchangeable hand modules, attachments, and accessories, allows for resistance exercises via use of manual tension springs. Contoured pads mounted along the frame contain a plurality of sensors to pick up signals from various regions of the users body including muscle, bone, nerve, O2, and load. The data is collected and analyzed by a computer providing for corrections in chair adjustment and exercise resistance instruction with recordation of all activity to facilitate healing and documentation of treatment.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Knight, Michael W.
Publication Date           2003-04-17
Application Date           2001-10-11
Intl Class          [07] A63B01502 A63B07100
US Class          482148 482001
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Document ID    US20030082507A1
Title      System and method of treating stuttering by neuromodulation
Abstract           Stuttering-treatment techniques using neural stimulation and/or drug delivery. One or more electrodes and/or a catheter are implanted adjacent to sites in the brain. A signal generator and the electrode deliver stimulation to a first site. A pump and the catheter deliver one or more therapeutic drugs to a second site. The first and second sites could be: the supplementary motor area, the centromedian circuit, the dorsomedial nuclei, the lateral prefrontal circuit, or other paramedian thalamic and midbrain nuclei. The stuttering treatment could be performed via periodic transcranial magnetic stimulation. A sensor, located near the patient's vocal folds, can be used for generating a signal responsive to activity of the patient's speech-producing muscles. A controller adjusts one or more stimulation parameters in response to the signal from the sensor.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Stypulkowski, Paul H.
Publication Date           2003-05-01
Application Date           2001-10-31
Intl Class          [07] G09B02328
US Class          434262
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Document ID    US20030095476A1
Title      Method and apparatus for a waking control system
Abstract           A method and apparatus are disclosed for a waking system that wakes an individual gradually over a period of time in order to promote the wellness of that individual. The user sets the system controller with a desired final wakeup time, which is the time that the user must be awake. When the actual time reaches a stimulus introduction time (i.e. some time prior to the desired final wakeup time), the system controller causes the introduction of stimulus. The system further comprises a detection system that measures a parameter correlated to the individual's sleep level (preferably motion). This measured parameter is then used in a feedback loop to control the level of stimulus experienced by the individual. In this manner, the user is woken gradually over a period of time between the stimulus introduction time and the desired final wakeup time, without introducing any sudden shocks to the user's physiological systems.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Mollicone, Daniel Josephvan Wollen, Matthew Vit
Publication Date           2003-05-22
Application Date           2001-11-20
Intl Class          [07] G04C02100 G04C02300G04B02302
US Class          36825 368073
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Document ID    US20030130595A1
Title      Health improvement systems and methods
Abstract           A system for assisting a person achieve a health related goal comprises a local computer, adapted to receive a physiological parameter or other health related data relating to a subject, and a remote computer, in communication with the localcomputer over a communications network, adapted to receive data from the local computer, and further operable to provide biofeedback or other feedback or assistance to the subject, wherein the subject is assisted in achieving a health-related goal.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Mault, James, R.
Publication Date           2003-07-10
Application Date           2003-01-10
Intl Class          [07] A61B01000
US Class          600567
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Document ID    US20030144829A1
Title      System and method for sensing and evaluating physiological parameters and modeling an adaptable predictive analysis for symptoms management
Abstract           A system senses various physiological parameters of a patient such as heart rate or temperature to evaluate the patient and predict when an episode of a chronic symptom may occur. The system further includes a modeling component which generatesan individualized predictive model for a given patient wherein the patient's previous episodes of the symptom are utilized to shape the model. The system tests the model to assure accuracy and can revise the model as necessary. Once the model is established, the system monitors patient parameters and can alert the patient to the expected onset of the symptom and/or automatically administer an appropriate drug or other therapy to control the expected symptom. The system is applicable to allergic reactions, anxiety attacks, attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, backaches, depression, dizziness, drowsiness, epileptic seizures, fatigue, heart malfunction, hunger pangs, joint or other pain, loss of motor control, migraines, motion sickness, muscle spasm, nausea, nicotine fits, numbness, shaking, shortness of breath, sleep or sleep disorders, tremors, unconsciousness, vision impairment or other chronic symptoms.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Geatz, Michael, W.Roiger, Richard, J.
Publication Date           2003-07-31
Application Date           2003-01-24
Intl Class          [07] G06F00945
US Class          703022
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Document ID    US20030176806A1
Title      Method and system for an intelligent supervisory control system
Abstract           An intelligent supervisory control system or neuro-user interface (NUI) , and method that utilize bioelectric state of mind or cognitive profile to control electronic and mechanical resources in an environment, such as in a 3-D PC or console game, a simulation or virtual environment, a cockpit, automobile, home, or surgical theatre. The interface comprises means for acquiring the brain signals of a user or subject, which are converted into a digital stream and mathematically processed to define an electrical state of the mind or cognitive profile of the user. Incorporating microprocessor-based software and storage facilities, the interface dynamically maps the cognitive profile onto multiple functions, which are adaptable for actuating microprocessor commands. In conjunction with other standard input devices such as mouse, keyboard, or joystick, the intelligent supervisory control interface of the present invention thus provides a user with the maximal degrees of freedom for the control of the resources (or electrical and mechanical devices) in the environment.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Pineda, Jaime, A.Allison, Brendan, Z.
Publication Date           2003-09-18
Application Date           2003-02-26
Intl Class          [07] A61B00504
US Class          600544
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Document ID    US20030176905A1
Title      Miniaturized high-density multichannel electrode array for long- term neuronal recordings
Abstract           A high-density multichannel microwire electrode array is disclosed. The array can comprise a variable number of electrodes. A method of assembling the array is further disclosed. Additionally, a plurality of devices employing the array are disclosed, including an intelligent brain pacemaker and a closed loop brain machine interface.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Nicolelis, Miguel, A.L.Krupa, David, J.Lehew, Gary, C.
Publication Date           2003-09-18
Application Date           2002-03-14
Intl Class          [07] A61N00105
US Class          607116 600373
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Document ID    US20030208113A1
Title      Closed loop glycemic index system
Abstract           A system for assisting a person to maintain a blood glucose level between predetermined limits comprises: an electronic device, comprising a display, a clock, a memory, and a processor; and a software program executable by the processor of the electronic device, adapted to receive nutritional data of food consumed by the person, adapted to calculate the blood glucose level for the person using the nutritional data and a glycemic response model for the person, and further adapted to present the blood glucose level to the person on the display of the electronic device.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Mault, James, RSanderson, John
Publication Date           2003-11-06
Application Date           2003-03-11
Intl Class          [07] A61B00500
US Class          600316 600365128921
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Document ID    US20030216228A1
Title      Systems and methods of sports training using specific biofeedback
Abstract           Apparatus for providing biofeedback sports training are described to improve training in a convenient form. Aspects include a sparring device that converts impact and training rates into audio streams following human speech patterns. A device is described for coaching swings such as in golf. Another aspect of the invention is a strength training device utiling a multicylinder piston device.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Rast, Rodger, H.
Publication Date           2003-11-20
Application Date           2003-05-17
Intl Class          [07] A63B07100 A63B06932A63B06934
US Class          482084 482008
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Document ID    US20030236451A1
Title      Method and apparatus for measuring acute stress
Abstract           A method and apparatus are provided to quantify psychological and physiological components to measure acute stress in humans, in which a stimulus can be applied to the test subject's environment during the test. The method involves multiple stress/relaxation intervals while physiological measurements are taken and "measured," and involves questionnaires that are answered after each of the intervals to "measure" the test subject's psychological state. A computerized testing apparatus acquires the physiological measurements, and also is used by the test subject in answering the questionnaires. The "stimulus" can be a fragrance, flavor, product, or task, and a "blank stimulus" is normally used during one of the stress intervals.
Document Type            USA
Assignee          The Procter & Gamble Company
Inventor            El-Nokaly, MagdaSaud, AbelHilton, Michael, LeeDoyle, Kevin, LeePrickel, Diane, LynnSchaiper, Daniel, Raymond
Publication Date           2003-12-25
Application Date           2003-04-02
Intl Class          [07] A61B00500
US Class          600300
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Document ID    US20040002635A1
Title      Method and apparatus for utilizing amplitude-modulated pulse-width modulation signals for neurostimulation and treatment of neurological disorders using electrical stimulation
Abstract           A computing device-controlled system is described for the generation of amplitude-modulated pulse-width modulation (AMPWM) signals for use in treating neurological dysfunction via cranial neurostimulation, where the AMPWM signal is specifically designed to minimize the electrical impedance of the tissues of the head. A low-frequency carrier signal is determined for the AMPWM signal by measuring EEG activity at a reference site or sites, generally corresponding with the location of suspected brain dysfunction. Carrier signal frequency is variably related to critical frequency components of the EEG power spectral density, determined from statistical analysis of amplitudes and variability, and dynamically changed as a function of time to prevent entrainment. The AMPWM signal is presented to a subject via a plurality of neurostimulation delivery modes for therapeutic use.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Hargrove, Jeffrey, B.Esty, Mary, L.Stokes, Theodore, J.
Publication Date           2004-01-01
Application Date           2003-02-04
Intl Class          [07] A61B00500
US Class          600300
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Document ID    US20040019257A1
Title      METHOD TO UNIVERSALLY CONNECT APPLICATIONS DATA STREAMS TO VRML CONTENT
Abstract           A method for universally connecting proprietary or nonproprietary biofeedback data streams to multimedia content in a VRML environment, having the steps of acquiring the data streams with a predefined threshold value, converting the data streams to values between approximately 0 and approximately 1 (where those values above approximately 0.5 represent success and those below 0.5 represent failure) , and hooking the values to an eventIn of a node having a corresponding eventOut associated with it, and passing those values in a form suitable for interpolation.
Document Type            USA
Assignee          Beyond VR, LLC
Inventor            Meadows, Jonathan, L.
Publication Date           2004-01-29
Application Date           2002-07-25
Intl Class          [07] A61B00500
US Class          600300
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Document ID    US20040024287A1
Title      System and method for conditioning the psychological state of a subject using an adaptive autostereoscopic display
Abstract           An adaptive autostereoscopic display system (10) provides an apparatus for conditioning the psychological state, physiological state, or behavior of a subject (12) by displaying a stereoscopic virtual image at a left viewing pupil (14l) and a right viewing pupil (14r). A first set of images (100) is displayed and physiological response measurements are obtained from the subject (12). Based on the response of the subject (12) a personalized image response profile is obtained. Then, in order to condition the psychological state, physiological state, or behavior of the subject (12), a second set of images (102), based on the personalized image response profile is displayed.
Document Type            USA
Assignee          Eastman Kodak Company
Inventor            Patton, David, L.Covannon, EdwardAgostinelli, John, A.Stephens, James, G.
Publication Date           2004-02-05
Application Date           2002-08-05
Intl Class          [07] A61M02100
US Class          600027
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Document ID    US20040030360A1
Title      Intravaginal device for electrically stimulating and/or for sensing electrical activity of muscles and or nerves defining and surrounding the intravaginal cavity
Abstract           A device for stimulating muscles and nerves defining and surrounding an intravaginal cavity of an individual and/or for sensing tonus and/or electrical activity of muscles defining and surrounding an intravaginal cavity is provided. The device includes (a) a body having memory properties such that when the body is contracted and positioned within an intravaginal cavity of the individual the body self expands to conform to a contour of the intravaginal cavity; and (b) at least one pair of electrodes being attached to an exterior surface of the body such that when the body is positioned within the intravaginal cavity, each electrode of the at least one pair of electrodes is biased against a wall of the intravaginal cavity. Thus they maintain electrical contact with the wall.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Eini, MeirTamarkin, DovSarig, JudithBaur, Alfons, Johannes
Publication Date           2004-02-12
Application Date           2003-02-28
Intl Class          [07] A61N00118
US Class          607039
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Document ID    US20040054423A1
Title      Electronically controlled prosthetic system
Abstract           A prosthetic joint system for users comprising a housing having an interior cavity, a center axis in said interior cavity, and an attachment means for fixedly connecting said housing to said user; an inner cylinder disposed in said housing interior cavity wherein said inner cylinder rotates around said center axis of said housing; an appendage attached to said inner cylinder; a sensor system attached to said appendage; and a dampening system, having a power source, in communication with said sensor system, said inner cylinder, and said housing for controlling dampening of the rotation of said inner cylinder around said center axis of said housing.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Martin, James, Jay
Publication Date           2004-03-18
Application Date           2003-04-09
Intl Class          [07] A61F00266 A61F00274A61F00272A61F00270
US Class          623025 623050623026623024
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Document ID    US20040086453A1
Title      Compositions, methods, apparatuses, and systems for singlet oxygen delivery
Abstract           Methods of treating tumors, lesions, and cancers comprising delivering to the affected site a combination of peroxide and hypochlorite anion. Hydrogen peroxide and sodium hypochlorite are possible sources of peroxide and hypochlorite anion, respectively. The reactants may be injected simultaneously or sequentially, and combine at the site to produce singlet oxygen. Singlet oxygen may be delivered to the treatment site or generated at the treatment site. Isotopes are also synergistically used in conjunction with singlet oxygen. The isotopes may be radioactive isotopes, non-radioactive isotopes, or both.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Howes, Randolph, M.
Publication Date           2004-05-06
Application Date           2002-12-31
Intl Class          [07] A61K05100 A61K03340A61K03314
US Class          42400111 424661424616
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Document ID    US20040092809A1
Title      Methods for measurement and analysis of brain activity
Abstract           A computer assisted method is provided for diagnosing the in condition of a subject associated with particular activation in one or more regions of interest, the method comprising: having the subject perform a behavior or have a perception adapted to selectively activate one or more regions of interest associated with the condition; measuring activity of the one or more regions of interest as the behavior is performed or the subject has the perception; diagnosing the condition associated with the one or more regions of interest based on the activity in response to the behavior or perception; performing an intervention; and repeating this process one or more times including repeating said behavior, said measuring of activity and said diagnosis at a later time; and observing changes between measurements that are associated with said intervention.
Document Type            USA
Assignee          Neurion Inc.
Inventor            DeCharms, Richard, Christopher
Publication Date           2004-05-13
Application Date           2003-07-28
Intl Class          [07] A61B005055
US Class          600410
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Document ID    US20040097871A1
Title      Apparatus for treating sleep disorders
Abstract           Apparatus for the treatment of sleeping disorders, including a biosensor adapted to sense a phenomenon associated with a sleeping disorder event, a drug delivery module in communication with the biosensor and adapted to administer a relaxant to a patient, the relaxant being capable of relaxing at least one of an obruxism muscle and an obruxism nerve, and a processor in communication with the biosensor and the drug delivery module for processing signals received from biosensor and for controlling operation of the drug delivery module, wherein in response to the phenomenon, the biosensor communicates a signal to the processor and the processor operates the drug delivery module to initiate administration of the relaxant.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Yerushalmy, Israel
Publication Date           2004-05-20
Application Date           2003-10-27
Intl Class          [07] A61M03100
US Class          604065
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Document ID    US20040102695A1
Title      Method and device for correcting organ motion artifacts in MRI systems
Abstract           The present invention relates to a signal processing method and system for correcting organ motion artifacts for cardiac and brain imaging. A plurality of sets of MRI measurement data indicative of at least an image of an object is received. Each set corresponds to one row kx of a k-space matrix of at least a k-space matrix. For each set a k-space matrix of the at least a k-space matrix is determined for allocation thereto based on motion information of the object occurring during acquisition of the plurality of sets of the MRI measurement data. In a following step a location within the allocated k-space matrix corresponding to a row of the k-space matrix allocated thereto is determined for each set. At least a k-space matrix is then generated by re-arranging the plurality of sets. Each of the at least a k-space matrix comprises the sets of the plurality of sets of the MRI measurement data allocated thereto. Inverse Fourier transforming of the plurality of k- space matrices provides at least a reconstructed image. Through careful selection of the phases of the cardiac and respiratory cycles and corresponding ranges MRI data acquisition periods are of the order of seconds or a few minutes. Furthermore, integration of motion artifact free MRI images of different phases of organ motion using the coherent k- space synthesis according to the invention allows provision of an animation showing different phases of a cardiac or lung cycle. In an embodiment for correcting motion artifacts for brain imaging a motion vector describing translational and rotational motion of a patient's head is tracked during the MRI data acquisition process. The motion artifacts are then corrected based on coherent k-space synthesis using the motion vector data.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Stergiopoulos, StergiosWrobel, MiroslawDhanantwari, AmarFreibert, AndreasYounis, Waheed
Publication Date           2004-05-27
Application Date           2003-06-30
Intl Class          [07] G01V00300 A61B00505
US Class          600413 324309324307
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Document ID    US20040106953A1
Title      Medical device for controlled drug delivery and cardiac monitoring and/or stimulation
Abstract           Medical device and methods are provided for controlled drug delivery in a cardiac patient. The device includes an implantable drug delivery module comprising reservoirs containing a drug and a control means for selectively releasing an effective amount of drug from each reservoir; one or more electrodes or sensors for cardiac monitoring, stimulation, or both; and a microcontroller for controlling operational interaction of the drug delivery module and the cardiac electrode. The electrodes may comprise ECG monitoring, cardioversion, or cardiac pacing electrodes. A medical device also is provided for controlled delivery of drug to a patient having congestive heart failure, which includes an implantable drug delivery module comprising a natriuretic peptide and a release mechanism for selectively releasing a pharmaceutically effective amount of the natriuretic peptide into the patient; and a microcontroller for controlling the release mechanism, for example, in response to one or more monitored patient parameters.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Yomtov, Barry, M.Herman, Stephen, J.
Publication Date           2004-06-03
Application Date           2003-10-06
Intl Class          [07] A61N001362
US Class          607003
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Document ID    US20040117098A1
Title      Apparatus and method for controlling vehicle brake using brain waves
Abstract           Disclosed are an apparatus and method for controlling vehicle brake using the brain waves. A driver controls the brake using the characteristic of the brain waves appearing before the driver's movement in the course of stepping on the brake pedal for braking in a dangerous condition. Therefore, the brake can be operated faster, and a condition where the brake is operated in an unwanted situation is prevented to prevent a traffic accident in advance. Further, the present invention does not require a driver's specific intentional behavior or psychological action except for natural behavior for braking (behavior to step on the brake pedal). Accordingly, the present invention makes a user convenient and is suitable for an ordinary person.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Ryu, Chang, SuNam, Seung, HoonSong, Yoon, SeonYim, Tae, Gyu
Publication Date           2004-06-17
Application Date           2003-09-24
Intl Class          [07] G06F01900
US Class          701070 303121
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Document ID    US20040127942A1
Title      Medical device for neural stimulation and controlled drug delivery
Abstract           Medical devices and methods are provided for electrical stimulation of neural tissue and controlled drug delivery to a patient. The device includes an implantable drug delivery module which comprises a plurality of reservoirs, a release system comprising at least one drug contained in each of the reservoirs, and control means for selectively releasing a pharmaceutically effective amount of drug from each reservoir; a neural electrical stimulator which comprises a signal generator connected to at least one stimulation electrode for operable engagement with a neural tissue of the patient; and at least one microcontroller for controlling operational interaction of the drug delivery module and the neural electrical stimulator. The microcontroller may control the signal generator and the control means of the drug delivery module. The device may further include a sensor operable to deliver a signal to the microcontroller, for example to indicate when to deliver electrical stimulation, drug, or both.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Yomtov, Barry, M.Herman, Stephen, J.Santini, John, T.
Publication Date           2004-07-01
Application Date           2003-10-06
Intl Class          [07] A61N00118
US Class          607003
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Document ID    US20040131998A1
Title      Cerebral programming
Abstract           A method of training a biological neural network using a controller, comprising: applying a cycle comprising: stimulating a neural network by said controller applying at least an input signal to the network; detecting an output response of the network by said controller; and modifying said stimulation by said controller for at least a period of time if said response matches a desired at least approximate response; and repeating said cycle of stimulation, detection and modification at least one more time until said neural network is trained to generate a desired output response for said input signal.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Marom, ShimonShahaf, GodedRousso, BennyHaim, Shlomo, Ben
Publication Date           2004-07-08
Application Date           2003-09-15
Intl Class          [07] G09B01900 A61N00140A61N00120
US Class          434236 607045
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Document ID    US20040138578A1
Title      Method and system for a real time adaptive system for effecting changes in cognitive-emotive profiles
Abstract           A means and method for inducing a temporary physiological state- of- mind to effect persistent changes to the cognitive-emotive profile of an individual, which is adaptable for neurofeedback and "mental-state" therapeutic and non-therapeutic interventions. The system comprises an EEG Recording Module (ERM), a Neurodynamics Assessment Module ("NAM"), and a Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation module ("TMS") for acquiring and manipulating bioelectrical and/or EEG data, defining a cognitive-emotive profile, and mapping the cognitive-emotive profile to selectively control transcranial magnetic stimulation to drive therapeutic and non- therapeutic stimulus interventions. A bi-directional feedback feature is provided to further enhance the performance of the system to effect prolonged changes.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Pineda, Jaime, A.Allison, Brendan, Z.
Publication Date           2004-07-15
Application Date           2003-09-12
Intl Class          [07] A61B00504
US Class          600544
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Document ID    US20040143236A1
Title      Thermally-activated reservoir devices
Abstract           Methods are provided for controlled reservoir opening, including the steps of (a) providing a biocompatible implantable device which comprises at least one substrate, a plurality of reservoirs in the substrate, reservoir caps each of which covers one of the reservoirs, and molecules sealed inside the reservoirs; and (b) selectively heating each reservoir cap in an amount effective to rupture the reservoir cap and open the reservoir. In another embodiment, the method steps include (a) implanting into a patient a biocompatible device which comprises at least one substrate, a plurality of reservoirs in the substrate, reservoir caps each of which covers one of the reservoirs, and molecules sealed inside the reservoirs; and (b) selectively heating each reservoir cap in an amount effective to rupture the reservoir cap and open the reservoir.
Document Type            USA
Assignee         
Inventor            Santini, John, T.Cima, Michael, J.Uhland, Scott, Albert
Publication Date           2004-07-22
Application Date           2003-12-29
Intl Class          [07] A61M03100
US Class          604500
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Document ID    WO9749333A1
Title      DEVICE AND METHOD FOR THE INTERACTIVE GENERATION OF SENSORIALLY PERCEPTIBLE SIGNALS
Abstract           Device for the interactive generation of sensorially perceptible signals comprising at least one sensor (1) for detecting brainwaves and supplying brainwave signals, a processor (16) which is coupled to the at least one sensor and is designed to receive and analyse the brainwave signals, pattern generator means (14) with an output for outputting a pattern signal, which is related to the brainwave signals, feedback means (15), coupled to the pattern generator means, for generating the sensorially perceptible signals on the basis of the pattern signal, the processor being designed to convert the brainwave signals received into a control signal and to forward this control signal to the pattern generator means (14) and the pattern generator means comprising pattern file (23) in which predetermined files, MIDI files for example, are stored, and being designed to convert these files into the abovementioned pattern signal as a function of the abovementioned control signal.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          THE MIND CONNECTION
Inventor            DRIESSEN, Gerardus, Johannes, Maria TERHORST, René MULDERS, Josef, Wouterius, Maria BLOEMEN, Joost, Lodewijk, Karel, Frans
Publication Date           1997-12-31
Application Date           1997-06-26
Intl Class          A61B0050482 G06F01900
US Class         
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Document ID    WO9806752A1
Title      A LEPTIN BINDING PROTEIN AND ITS USE IN METHODS FOR DIAGNOSING AND TREATING ABNORMALITIES OF THE ENDOGENOUS LEPTIN PATHWAY
Abstract           The present invention discloses a leptin binding protein that plays a novel role in the regulation of adiposity and fat content of animals, particularly in mammals. The leptin binding protein binds to leptin in vivo , forming a leptin-leptin binding protein complex that functions to provide a means for regulating body weight and adiposity. The present invention exploits this novel role of the leptin binding protein by providing means for diagnosing, monitoring, treating and curing abnormalities of the endogenous leptin pathway. Apolipoprotein J serves as an example of this new class of leptin binding protein.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          THE ROCKEFELLER UNIVERSITY LALLONE, Roger
Inventor            FRIEDMAN, Jeffrey, M.
Publication Date           1998-02-19
Application Date           1997-08-15
Intl Class          C07K014775 C07K014575A61K03822C07K01618G01N03368C07K01626
US Class         
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Document ID    WO9823311A1
Title      METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PREVENTING INTRADIALYTIC SYMPTOMATOLOGY
Abstract           A method and system for profiling the efficiency of a dialysis treatment, whereby a patient is exposed for dialysis by passing the patient's blood in an extracorporeal circuit through a dialyzer. The effluent fluid from the dialyzer (or hemofilter) is analyzed for the concentration of urea, by a urea monitor, or any other marker molecule. The dialysis treatment is carried out as efficient as possible until a limit value is reached indicative of the fact that the patient is approaching a break-down point, such as disequilibrium syndrome or hypotension. Thence, the efficiency of the dialysis treatment is profiled so that the patient will not reach his break-down point. The efficiency can be decreased according to an exponential curve. Alternatively, the urea monitor controls the efficiency. The limit value is determined by urea monitor measurement, or by predetermined patient data in a characteristic patient break-down curve. One indication is that the total removed urea (TRU) is determined and when the TRU reaches a predetermined value, it is an indication of reaching said limit value.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          GAMBRO AB
Inventor            SHALDON, Stanley GRANOLLERAS, Céline
Publication Date           1998-06-04
Application Date           1997-11-11
Intl Class          A61M00114 A61M00116
US Class         
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Document ID    WO9827491A1
Title      CHANGING THE EFFECTIVE EXECUTION RATE OF A COMPUTER APPLICATION PROGRAM
Abstract           Methods and devices are described for changing the effective rate at which a computer application program is executed. In one aspect, one or more control signals are generated, and each control signal is handled as an interruption to the processing of the application program. The control signals cause the processor to suspend execution of the application program for one or more execution cycles and thereby change the effective rate at which the application program is executed.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          9044-4951 QUEBEC INC.
Inventor            SELA, Gal
Publication Date           1998-06-25
Application Date           1997-12-16
Intl Class          G06F00946 A63F00922
US Class         
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Document ID    WO9834577A1
Title      METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SUPERVISION OF HEALTH PARAMETERS
Abstract           A mattress comprises a number of sensors for registering body functions such as heart rate or respiration of a person lying on the mattress. The data is transmitted to a health care centre or the like, for monitoring the person's health parameters. Certain processing of the data may be performed locally in a computer, for example, to initiate alarms in different types of emergency situations. The mattress may also comprise vibrating elements for inducing calming vibrations and for preventing pressure sores.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          LEWIN, Herbert
Inventor            LEWIN, Herbert
Publication Date           1998-08-13
Application Date           1998-02-06
Intl Class          A61G00705 A61B00511A61B0050205H04M01100
US Class         
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Document ID    WO9841279A1
Title      PHYSIOLOGIC SIGNS FEEDBACK SYSTEM
Abstract           A non-invasive physiological signs monitoring device (10) includes a garment with electrocardiogram electrodes (26) and various plethysmographic sensors (20-25) sewn, embroidered, embedded, or otherwise attached to the garment with an adhesive. The garment is in the form of a shirt. When the garment is fitted over the torso of the patient (15) to be monitored, the electrodes and sensors generate signals in response to the physiological signs of the patient. The signals are transmitted to a recording/alarm device (40) where they are monitored for adverse conditions and logged. When an adverse condition or other preprogrammed condition occurs, a message is communicated to the patient by either an audio message or a display. The recording/alarm unit is also connectable to a remote receiving unit (50) for monitoring by a health care professional or other machine.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          NIMS, INC.
Inventor            SACKNER, Marvin, A. INMAN, D., Michael
Publication Date           1998-09-24
Application Date           1998-03-17
Intl Class          A61N00108
US Class         
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Document ID    WO9848785A2
Title      ALLELIC POLYGENE DIAGNOSIS OF REWARD DEFICIENCY SYNDROME AND TREATMENT
Abstract           Enhancement of attentional processing is attained by administration of an endorphinase inhibitor or enkephalinase inhibitor and optionally, a dopamine precursor, or a serotonin precursor, a GABA precursor, or an endorphin or enkephalinase releaser, or certain herbal compounds including Rhodiola rosea extract (Pharmaline) and/or Huperzine. These components promote restoration of normal neurotransmitter function and the components combined enhance the release of dopamine at the nucleus accumbens and are non-addictive. Use of the dopamine precursors L-phenylalanine, or L-Tyrosine, the enkephalinase inhibitor D- phenylalanine, and/or the serotonin precursor -hydroxytryptophan and a natural acetylcholenesterase inhibitor and chromium salts (i.e. picolinate, nicotinate, etc.) is especially preferred, but not limited to assist in relieving symptoms associated with brain phenylalanine deficiency.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          KENNETH BLUM, INC. BOARD OF REGENTS, THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS SYSTEM CITY OF HOPE NATIONAL MEDICAL CENTER
Inventor            BLUM, Kenneth IVY, John, L.COMINGS, David, E.
Publication Date           1998-11-05
Application Date           1998-04-29
Intl Class          A61K03100
US Class         
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Document ID    WO9912291A1
Title      PORTRAYAL OF HUMAN INFORMATION VISUALIZATION
Abstract           An apparatus (10) and method for displaying viewer reactions to a display object. The display object is divided into a plurality of spatial regions, viewer reactions are collected to an exposure to the display object and correlated with the spatial regions, and the display object is displayed with an aspect of the display of each spatial region being a function of the viewer reactions for the region.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          C Y RESEARCH, INC.
Inventor            YOUNG, Charles, E.
Publication Date           1999-03-11
Application Date           1998-09-04
Intl Class          H04B01700 H04N00700
US Class         
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Document ID    WO0108125A1
Title      BRAIN DEVELOPMENT APPARATUS AND METHOD USING BRAIN WAVE BIOFEEDBACK
Abstract           A brain development apparatus and method is provided for achieving self-control to achieve a brain wave state suitable for learning, a sustained concentrated mental state, a positive way of thinking and activation of physical functions by using measurements of a brain wave and a multimedia function of a computer. The brain development apparatus using brain wave biofeedback, includes a brain wave signal receiver, a feedback signal generator and a feedback signal output unit. The brain wave signal receiver receives a brain wave signal which has been measured by an external brain wave measuring device. The feedback signal generator extracts a brain wave parameter from the brain wave signal which is received by the brain wave signal receiver, compares the brain wave parameter with a reference brain wave parameter, and generates a feedback signal corresponding to the difference between the two parameters. The feedback signal output unit outputs the feedback signal which is generated by the feedback signal generator. Different feedback is provided to a user according to the user's inherent brain wave and the state of a current brain vave, thereby inducing a desirable state in brain development and allowing the user to understand his/her state.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          KOREA RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF JUNGSHIN SCIENCE CHANGSE CO., LTD.
Inventor            PARK, Pyong, Woon KIM, Hyeong, Seok
Publication Date           2001-02-01
Application Date           2000-01-29
Intl Class          G09B00506 A61M02102G11B01502
US Class         
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Document ID    WO0116940A1
Title      SYSTEM, METHOD, AND ARTICLE OF MANUFACTURE FOR A VOICE RECOGNITION SYSTEM FOR IDENTITY AUTHENTICATION IN ORDER TO GAIN ACCESS TO DATA ON THE INTERNET
Abstract           A system, method and article of manufacture are provided for identifying a user through voice verification to allow the user to access data on a network. When the user requests access to data, such as a website, the user is prompted for a voice sample. Registration information about a user including a voice scan of the voice of the user is retrieved. The voice sample is received over the network and compared with the voice scan to verify an identity of the user. If the identity of the user is verified, data access is granted to the user. If the identity of the user is not verified, data access is denied.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          ANDERSEN CONSULTING, LLP
Inventor            ST. JOHN, Vicki
Publication Date           2001-03-08
Application Date           2000-08-31
Intl Class          G10L01700
US Class         
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Document ID    WO0169830A2
Title      NETWORKED INTERACTIVE TOY SYSTEM
Abstract           Networked interactive toys (100) have real time conversations with users using speech recognition. Toys (100) are connected to at least one interactive toy server which is connected to entertainment, education, sales promotion providers by internet communication systems. The connection may utilize telephone lines, cellular communication systems, coaxial cable, satellite, DSL or other broadband systems. Toys (100) may be connected by a wireless link to a computing device which provides internet connectivity. Content is provided to enable a user to form a relationship with the toy and is personalized for the user and their environment including location and time of use. The merge of Interactie Television techniques will enhance the content.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          CREATOR LTD.
Inventor            GABAI, Oz GABAI, Jacob SANDLERMAN, Nimrod VECHT-LIFSCHITZ, Susan, Eve PFEFFER, ZvikaWEISS, Nathan
Publication Date           2001-09-20
Application Date           2001-03-14
Intl Class          A63H03300
US Class         
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Document ID    WO0173669A2
Title      NETWORK BASED METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REMOTE THERAPY
Abstract           A remote real time or substantially real time interactive therapy method includes preparing and sending to a remote user via a network or the like protocols, settings for protocolos and/or other information for a thereapy session. A user accesses the protocols, settings and information via a server and network to carry out the session. Data from the session is transmitted in real time or substantially real time for use, review and evaluation by a practitioner. Apparatus for carrying out in real time or substantially real time remote interactive therapy sessions, includes a practitioner computer system for preparing protocols, settings, and other information for transmission via a network and server to a user; a user computer system for receiving the protocols, settings and information, for carrying out a session based thereon and for transmitting back the results for use, review or evaluation by a practitioner.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          NEUROFEED.COM, LLC
Inventor            WOLPERT, Brian
Publication Date           2001-10-04
Application Date           2001-03-29
Intl Class          G06F01900
US Class         
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Document ID    WO0186406A1
Title      COMMUNICATION METHOD AND APPARATUS
Abstract           The present invention relates to a non-lingual communication method and apparatus, wherein a physical or physiological signal consciously created by a first subject (1) is detected and converted into a transmitted output signal presented to a second subject (7) in order to communicate information from the first subject (1) to the second subject (7). The invention further relates to rehabilitation of handicapped people.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          PERSONICS APS
Inventor            BROOKS, Anthony SORENSEN, Christopher
Publication Date           2001-11-15
Application Date           2001-05-04
Intl Class          G06F00305 A61F00400
US Class         
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Document ID    WO2002066112A1
Title      APPARATUS FOR TREATING A LIVING ORGANISM TO ACHIEVE A HEART LOAD REDUCTION, AND A METHOD OF ACHIEVING A HEART LOAD REDUCTION
Abstract           An apparatus and a method for treating a mammal or other living organism having a heart exhibiting a heart rhythm with alternating phases of systole and diastole, a peripheral vascular system, and a systolic pressure resulting from the action of the heart. The apparatus comprises a heart rhythm sensor, a pulse generator for generating electrical stimulating signals synchronised with the heart rhythm and timed to occur during phases of diastole, at least first and second electrodes for applying the electrical stimulation signals to one or more skeletal or smooth muscles associated with said peripheral vascular system, and a sound generator for producing acoustic signals with a pulse repetition frequency corresponding to a heart rhythm. The heart rhythm to which the pulse repetition frequency corresponds is either the heart rhythm sensed by the heart rhythm sensor or an artificial heart rhythm which is progressively lowered from an initial heart rate rhythm to a lower heart rate rhythm. In one so-called asynchronous embodiment the electrical stimulating signals are also timed with respect to the artificial heart rhythm.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          CARDIOREST LTD.
Inventor            LAPANASHVILI, Larry, V. STÜRZINGER, Christian
Publication Date           2002-08-29
Application Date           2002-02-20
Intl Class          A61N00136
US Class         
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Document ID    WO2002073526A2
Title      CEREBRAL PROGRAMMING
Abstract           A method of training a biological neural network using a controller includes the steps of applying a cycle comprising stimulating a neural network using the controller by applying at least an input signal to the network (204), detecting an output response of the network by the controller (206), modifying the stimulation of the neural network for at least a period of time if the response matches a desired at least approximate response (208), and repeating the cycle of stimulation, detection, and modification at least one more time (212) until the neural network is trained to generate a desired output response for said input signal.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          WIDE HORIZON HOLDINGS INC.
Inventor            MAROM, Shimon SHAHAF, Goded BEN HAIM, ShlomoROUSSO, Benny
Publication Date           2002-09-19
Application Date           2002-03-13
Intl Class          A61B00500
US Class         
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Document ID    WO2002085210A1
Title      URINARY INCONTINENCE DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM
Abstract           The present invention relates to a urinary incontinence diagnostic system. In detail, it relates to a urinary incontinence diagnostic system that can be simply used in a primary hospital by introducing a urinary incontinence diagnostic instrument which qualitatively measures the conventional Q-tip test result to evaluate the over-mobility of urethra and, at the same time, measures bladder inside pressure and leak point pressure.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          XENISS LIFE SCIENCE CO., LTD.
Inventor            NA, Yong-Gil CHO, Kang-Hee WHANG, Min-Cheol
Publication Date           2002-10-31
Application Date           2002-04-17
Intl Class          A61B00520
US Class         
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Document ID    WO2002099457A2
Title      MICROCHIP DEVICES WITH IMPROVED RESERVOIR OPENING
Abstract           Microchip devices and methods of manufacture thereof are provided to increase the uniformity and reliability of active exposure and release of microchip reservoir contents. In one embodiment, the microchip device for the controlled release or exposure of molecules or secondary devices comprises: (1) a substrate having a plurality of reservoirs; (2) reservoir contents comprising molecules, a secondary device, or both, located in the reservoirs; (3) reservoir caps positioned on the reservoirs over the reservoir contents; (4) electrical activation means for disintegrating the reservoir cap to initiate exposure or release of the reservoir contents in selected reservoirs; and (5) a current distribution means, a stress induction means, or both, operably engaged with or integrated into the reservoir cap, to enhance reservoir cap disintegration.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Inventor            SANTINI, John, T., Jr. SHEPPARD, Norman, F., Jr. FLYNN, Nolan, T. UHLAND, Scott SBIAA, ZouhairCIMA, Michael, J.
Publication Date           2002-12-12
Application Date           2002-05-31
Intl Class          A61K00922
US Class         
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Document ID    WO2002100267A1
Title      METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR MONITORING CONSCIOUSNESS
Abstract           The application discloses several inventions as follows: (a) a method of monitoring consciousness of a sentient subject and automatically detecting transition states by obtaining an EEG signal and comparing the two signals to detect the transition and provide a warning signal when the transition occurs; (b) a method or apparatus for processing a non- stationary signal including segments having increasing and decreasing amplitude representing physiological characteristics of a sentient subject by performing syntactic analysis of segments, comparing height, width and error parameters of segments to identify noise segments and replacing noise segments with a straight line before classifying the signal as belonging to one of predefined sleep states; (c) a method of monitoring physiological characteristics of a sentient subject including substitution of a degraded first electrode signal by a second spare electrode signal and providing a warning signal when both signals are degraded; and (d) a capacitive or inductive element sensor for detecting the degree of opening of the eyelid including signal providing means indicative of the relative positions between a component movable with the eyelid and a reference component.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          COMPUMEDICS LIMITED
Inventor            BURTON, David ZILBERG, Eugene
Publication Date           2002-12-19
Application Date           2002-06-13
Intl Class          A61B0050476 A61B0050478A61B00511A61B0050482A61B005048A61B0050484
US Class         
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Document ID    WO2003048789A2
Title      ELECTRODYNAMIC SENSORS AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF
Abstract           An electrodynamic sensor comprises a high input impedance electrometer adapted to measure small electrical potentials originating from an object under test and having a pair of input probes, characterised in that at least one of said pair of input probes has no direct electrical contact with said object, wherein the circuit arrangement of said electrometer comprises an amplifier which includes a combination of ancillary circuits cumulatively to increase the sensitivity of said electrometer to said small electrical potentials whilst not perturbing the electrical field associated therewith.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          CLARK, Terence, D.HARLAND, Christopher, J.PRANCE, Robert, J.
Inventor            CLARK, Terence, D.HARLAND, Christopher, J.PRANCE, Robert, J.
Publication Date           2003-06-12
Application Date           2002-12-09
Intl Class          G01R01900 A61B0050428G01R02912
US Class         
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Document ID    WO2003085546A1
Title      METHOD AND DEVICE FOR THE ELECTROMAGNETIC MODIFICATION OF CEREBRAL ACTIVITY
Abstract           The invention relates to a method for the electromagnetic modification of cerebral activity in order to reach a pre-determined behaviour target, using a behaviour model which describes the correlation between behaviour and the course of cerebral activity characteristics, and a cerebral activity model which quantitatively describes cerebral activity. The cerebral activity characteristics and the courses thereof can be derived from the quantitative description of the cerebral activity. According to the inventive method, the nominal course of given cerebral activity characteristics which corresponds to the achievement of the behaviour target is determined by means of the behaviour model, exogenous electrical and/or magnetic fields are produced, and electromagnetic cerebral activity is measured and cerebral activity characteristics are calculated in order to achieve the nominal course in a control or regulating circuit containing calculations with the cerebral model.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          HOLZNER, Oliver
Inventor            HOLZNER, Oliver
Publication Date           2003-10-16
Application Date           2003-04-04
Intl Class          G06F01700 A61N00136A61B00504A61M02100A61B00516A61N00200
US Class         
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Document ID    WO2004008427A1
Title      CLOSED-LOOP AUGMENTED REALITY APPARATUS
Abstract           Apparatus and system (50) for adaptive augmented reality includes at least one non-radiating sensor (60), mountable on a body, for detecting body movements and producing signals related to the body movements, and a processor (62) configured to receive the signals and generate an image, wherein the generated image is adapted according to the detected body movements. The invention provides closed-loop biofeedback for adaptation of body movements, and may be used for treating a movement disorder, such as Parkinson's Disease.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          BARAM, Yoram
Inventor            BARAM, Yoram
Publication Date           2004-01-22
Application Date           2002-07-17
Intl Class          G09G00500
US Class         
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Document ID    WO2004033034A1
Title      MEDICAL DEVICE FOR NEURAL STIMULATION AND CONTROLLED DRUG DELIVERY
Abstract           Medical devices and methods are provided for electrical stimulation of neural tissue and controlled drug delivery to a patient. The device includes an implantable drug delivery module which comprises a plurality of reservoirs, a release system comprising at least one drug contained in each of the reservoirs, and control means for selectively releasing a pharmaceutically effective amount of drug from each reservoir; a neural electrical stimulator which comprises a signal generator connected to at least one stimulation electrode for operable engagement with a neural tissue of the patient; and at least one microcontroller for controlling operational interaction of the drug delivery module and the neural electrical stimulator. The microcontroller may control the signal generator and the control means of the drug delivery module. The device may further include a sensor operable to deliver a signal to the microcontroller, for example to indicate when to deliver electrical stimulation, drug, or both.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          MICROCHIPS, INC.
Inventor            YOMTOV, BarryHERMAN, Stephen, J.SANTINI, JR., John, T.
Publication Date           2004-04-22
Application Date           2003-10-06
Intl Class          A61N00134 A61N00136A61N00130
US Class         
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Document ID    WO2004045601A1
Title      ANALGESIC USES OF NORKETAMINE AND KETAMINE/NORKETAMINE PRODRUGS
Abstract           The present invention relates to norketamine and ketamine/norketamine prodrugs, and methods of their use and analgesics. More particulary, the invention relates to norketamine and N-conjugated prodrugs of ketamine and norketamine, and methods of using these agents for the management of chronic pain without requiring administration of narcotics. The invemtion relates to self-management of pain on an outpatient basis comprising administering via conventional routes, including transdermal, nasal, rectal, oral, transmucosal, intravenous, intramuscular, and other routes, one or more doses of norketamine and/or ketamine/norketamine prodrugs effective to alleviate pain to a subject suffering from pain.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          YAUPON THERAPEUTICS, INC.
Inventor            CROOKS, Peter, A.RIVERA, Miguel
Publication Date           2004-06-03
Application Date           2003-11-18
Intl Class          A61K03135 A61P02900
US Class         
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Document ID    WO2004050172A1
Title      A SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR NEUROMUSCULAR REEDUCATION
Abstract           A system and method that promotes the restoration of physical functions of the neuromuscular system by incorporating into one device the treatment modalities of biofeedback based repetitive practice, includes an actuator, a joint position measurement system, a force sensing measurement system, an EMG measurement system, a neuromuscular low-level stimulation system, a controller, and a display device.
Document Type            WO
Assignee          KINETIC MUSCLES, INC.
Inventor            KOENEMAN, Edward, J.SCHULTZ, Robert, S.KOENEMAN, James, B.HERRING, Donald, E.
Publication Date           2004-06-17
Application Date           2003-12-03
Intl Class          A61N00100 A61H00100A61B00500
US Class         
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Document ID    WO2004052894A1
Title      CRYSTALLINE FUMARATE SALTS OF 1-AZABICYCLO[2.2.2]OCT SUBSTITUTED FURO[2,3- C]PYRIDINYL CARBOXAMIDE AND COMPOSITIONS AND PREPARATIONS THEREOF
Abstract           The invention provides fumarate salts of N-[1-azabicyclo[2.2.2]oct-3-yl] furo[2,3-c]pyridine-5-carboxamide, compositions, racemic mixtures, or pure enantiomers thereof, and preparation thereof. The fumarate salts are useful to treat diseases or conditions in which α7 nAChR is known to be involved. Formula (I).
Document Type            WO
Assignee          PHARMACIA & UPJOHN COMPANY
Inventor            SELBO, Jon, GordonHEWITT, Bradley, DeeWISHKA, Donn, GregoryRAPPATH, David, WarnerSHEIKH, Ahmad, Yahya
Publication Date           2004-06-24
Application Date           2003-12-01
Intl Class          C07D51900 A61P02500A61K0314545
US Class         
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